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1,6-Hexanedithiol Monolayers on Au(111): A Multi-Technique Structural Study



T Leung, M Gerstenberg, D J. Lavrich, G Scoles, F Schreiber, G Poirier


Monolayers of 1,6-hexanedithiol [HS(CH2)6SH] deposited on Au(111) from the gas phase were characterized by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD), and low energy atom diffraction (LEAD). Molecular resolution STM images suggest that the lie prone in a striped arrangement with an inter-row spacing of 5 Angstrom}. For the films prepared at an elevated temperature, two uniaxial incommensurate phases were found by GIXD. With respect to the surface substrate net, the diffraction patterns of both phases can be described by rectangular (p x √3) nets, where p are 4.24 ± 0.01 and 4.30 ± 0.01. These values of p correspond to spacings of (12.23 ± 0.04) Angstrom} and (12.40 ± 0.02) Angstrom} along the nearest-neighbor (NN)direction of the substrate whereas the spacing along the next-nearest-neighbor direction is 5 Angstrom} in both cases. The LEAD patterns can be described by a (3 x 1) supperlattice with respect to the mesh observed by GIXD. Lattice non-uniformity and angular broadening along the NN direction were observed by GIXD. The structure of the striped phases is consistent with the molecules being fully extended and flat on the surface with their molecular C-C-C plane parallel to the surface. Using different growth protocols, including liquid phase deposition, the order of the striped phases was observed to change considerably, however, no evidence of nucleation of other ordered phases was found. Even if denser phases exist, the striped phases may act as effective kinetic traps preventing the transition to other denser phases. Both the results of varying the growth condition and of performed annealing experiments can be explained by the strong molecule/substrate interaction in the striped phases, which is a consequence of the strong, but not site specific, interaction of both sulfur atoms with the gold surface.


alkane dithiol, diffraction, hexanedithiol, self-assembly, surface, tunneling microscopy


Leung, T. , Gerstenberg, M. , Lavrich, D. , Scoles, G. , Schreiber, F. and Poirier, G. (2000), 1,6-Hexanedithiol Monolayers on Au(111): A Multi-Technique Structural Study, Langmuir (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created December 28, 2000, Updated October 12, 2021