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Michael Fong (Fed)

Research Chemist

Michael Fong’s research interests include the chemistry of the CO2 system in the ocean and the metrology of seawater pH measurements. Accurate pH and other CO2 measurements are critical to the ability of scientists to quantify long-term changes in the ocean’s carbon chemistry. At NIST, Michael is currently conducting research to improve the quality of spectrophotometric pH measurements with the indicator dye m-cresol purple.  

Other publications

  1. Bauman, S.J., M.T. Costa, M.B. Fong, B.M. House, E.M. Perez, M.H. Tan, A.E. Thornton, and P.J.S. Franks. 2014. Augmenting the biological pump: The shortcomings of geoengineered upwelling. Oceanography 27(3):17–23,
  2. Bishop, J.K.B., M.B. Fong, and T.J. Wood. 2016. Robotic observations of high wintertime carbon export in California coastal waters. Biogeosciences 13,
  3. Carter, B.R., R.A. Feely, N.L. Williams, A.G. Dickson, M.B. Fong, and Y. Takeshita. 2018.  Updated methods for global locally interpolated estimation of alkalinity, pH, and nitrate. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 16,
  4. M.B. Fong and A.G. Dickson. 2019. Insights from GO-SHIP hydrography data into the thermodynamic consistency of CO2 system measurements in seawater. Marine Chemistry 211,

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Recommendations from the Ocean Carbonate System Intercomparison Forum: Quantifying and reducing uncertainties in the calculations of carbonate system equilibrium in the oceans

Brendan Carter, Jonathan Sharp, Andrew Dickson, Marta Álvarez, Michael Fong, Maribel García-Ibáñez, Ryan Woosley, Takeshita Yuichiro, Leticia Barbero, Robert Byrne, Wei-Jun Cai, Melissa Chierici, Simon Clegg, Regina Easley, Andrea Fassbender, Kalla Fleger, Xinyu Li, Macarena Martín-Mayor, Katelyn Schockman, Aleck Wang Zhaohui
The ocean carbonate system is critical to monitor because it plays a major role in regulating Earth's climate and marine ecosystems. It is monitored using a
Created October 27, 2021, Updated December 9, 2022