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Michael Fong (Fed)

Research Chemist

Michael Fong’s research interests include the chemistry of the CO2 system in the ocean and the metrology of seawater pH measurements. Accurate pH and other CO2 measurements are critical to the ability of scientists to quantify long-term changes in the ocean’s carbon chemistry. At NIST, Michael is currently conducting research to improve the quality of spectrophotometric pH measurements with the indicator dye m-cresol purple.  

Other publications

  1. Bauman, S.J., M.T. Costa, M.B. Fong, B.M. House, E.M. Perez, M.H. Tan, A.E. Thornton, and P.J.S. Franks. 2014. Augmenting the biological pump: The shortcomings of geoengineered upwelling. Oceanography 27(3):17–23,
  2. Bishop, J.K.B., M.B. Fong, and T.J. Wood. 2016. Robotic observations of high wintertime carbon export in California coastal waters. Biogeosciences 13,
  3. Carter, B.R., R.A. Feely, N.L. Williams, A.G. Dickson, M.B. Fong, and Y. Takeshita. 2018.  Updated methods for global locally interpolated estimation of alkalinity, pH, and nitrate. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 16,
  4. M.B. Fong and A.G. Dickson. 2019. Insights from GO-SHIP hydrography data into the thermodynamic consistency of CO2 system measurements in seawater. Marine Chemistry 211,

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Created October 27, 2021, Updated December 9, 2022