Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Darine El Haddad

Publications

The Design and Development of a Tabletop Kibble Balance at NIST

Author(s)
Leon S. Chao, Frank C. Seifert, Darine El Haddad, Julian Stirling, David B. Newell, Stephan Schlamminger
On November 16, 2018, the 26th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) voted unanimously to revise the International System of Units (SI) from a

The Kibble balance and the kilogram

Author(s)
Stephan Schlamminger, Darine El Haddad
Dr. Bryan Kibble invented the watt balance in 1975 to improve the realization of the unit for electrical current, the ampere. With the discovery of the Quantum

The Design and Development of a Tabletop Kibble Balance at NIST

Author(s)
Leon S. Chao, Frank C. Seifert, Darine El Haddad, Stephan Schlamminger
A global paradigm shift to redefine the International System of Units (SI) from a system based on seven fundamental units to seven fundamental constants is well

Bridging classical and quantum mechanics

Author(s)
Darine El Haddad, Frank C. Seifert, Leon S. Chao, Shisong Lee, David B. Newell, Jon R. Pratt, Carl J. Williams, Stephan Schlamminger
Using a watt balance and a frequency comb, a mass-energy equivalence is derived. The watt balance compares mechanical power measured in terms of the meter, the
Created May 31, 2018