Licenses, income bearing licenses, income from licenses, and earned royalty income resulting from federal laboratory technology transfer efforts generally trended upward in fiscal year 2008 compared to previous years according to NIST's Summary Report on Federal Laboratory Technology Transfer FY2008 provided to the President and Congress. Invention disclosures, patent applications filed, and patents issued remained steady over the same period. The number of active CRADAs declined slightly in fiscal year 2008 but remained higher than 2004 and 2005 levels. Eleven federal laboratories actively pursue technology partnerships to encourage the use of federally developed intellectual property to promote new products and practices. The total volume of CRADAs, licensing, patenting, and earned royalty income activities represent steady, mature programs.