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NSCI Seminar: Towards Next Generation of Computing

In the past 50 years computing was driven by “smaller & denser” resulting in “faster & cheaper”. Cost per function has decreased tremendously, while system performance and reliability have been improved significantly. Dimension scaling alone is no longer sufficient and various paths are pursued to increase system performance. In order to further extend core logic and memory technology roadmaps significant innovation in materials, devices and architectures is required. 

We are investigating key technologies to continue the roadmap, e.g., gate-all-around nanowires, III-V semiconducting nanowires for high-mobility field-effect transistors (FETs), III-V heterostructure tunnel FETs as steep slope devices or carbon nanotube FETs. In parallel other technologies to build new systems such as heterogeneous integration, 3D packaging, system-on-chip, silicon photonics and others are pushed to increase system level performance. 

Yet despite all of these innovative technologies, the speed of increasing the density of transistors has slowed down. This raises the fundamental question of what is next? What is the future of information technology beyond scaling and traditional computing? In that regard completely new computing paradigms are developed such as quantum computing and non-von Neumann computing. The latter is also driven by the fundamental changes of the workloads in cognitive computing and IoT. Accelerating machine learning and deep learning is a key requirement for new compute systems. 

In this presentation I will give an overview of our research activities in the field of extending the core logic/memory technology roadmaps and in the new paradigms of cognitive hardware technologies and quantum computing. 


NSCI Committee

1:00 p.m. - 2:00 p.m. (Gaithersburg, Bldg. 221, Room B145)

11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. (Boulder, VTC in 81-1A116)

Heike Riel, IBM

Heike E. Riel, Ph.D., is an IBM Fellow and the director of the Physical Sciences Department at IBM Research, where she is responsible for IBM`s worldwide Physical Science research strategy. In 2013, Dr. Riel became an IBM Fellow, achieving the company’s highest technical distinction, and became a member of the IBM Academy of Technology. Her research interests include nanoscale materials and novel device concepts for applications in electronics, optoelectronics, and energy harvesting. Dr. Riel studied physics at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (Germany), received her Ph.D. in 2003 from the University of Bayreuth (Germany) for her work on the optimization of multilayer organic light-emitting devices. After an internship at the Hewlett-Packard Research Laboratory in Palo Alto, California, she joined IBM Research Zurich in 1997, first as a diploma student, then as a Ph.D. student before becoming a Research Staff Member in 2003. From 2008 to 2014, Dr. Riel led the Nanoscale Electronics Group before moving to the Materials Integration and Nanoscale Devices group. In 2003, Dr. Riel was named as one of the world’s Top 100 Young Innovators by MIT Technology Review. Since then, she has gone on to receive the Applied Physics Award from the Swiss Physical Society, and the Swiss Association of Women in Engineering Innovation Award. In 2015 Dr. Riele was elected to the Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences, to the Leopoldina, and to the German National Academy of Sciences. In 2016 she was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Engineering at Lund University (Sweden), and she is the recipient of 2017 David Adler Lectureship Award in the Field of Materials Physics from the American Physical Society.

Outside attendees need to contact Barry Schneider in order to obtain the site badges required to enter NIST grounds and to attend the seminar. 24 hour notice is required for US citizens and 3 days for non-US citizens. Please contact bis [at] (bis[at]nist[dot]gov) to be added to the visitor list. Visitors must check in at the NIST Visitor Center to pick up their badges. A photo ID is required for US citizens and a passport or green card for foreign nationals. There is also the possibility of viewing the seminar as a webcast. Again, please contact Barry Schneider for details preferably by email.

Created April 11, 2017, Updated April 13, 2017