Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Medical Alley and Innovation Celebrated at Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History

In the 1950’s a doctor and an engineer in Minneapolis, Minnesota helped to launch an entire industry and with it, the fortunes of an entire region, Medical Alley.

Dr. Walt Lillehei, a famous heart surgeon, and Earl Bakken, an engineer, did not set out to create an industry. Rather, they needed to fix a problem. When there were power outages, medical devices like external pacemakers, would lose power because they used wall plugs. Dr. Lillehei wanted a pacemaker that would work without needing to be plugged in.

Bakken designed a battery powered pacemaker, and as the story goes, Dr. Lillehei implanted the device in a patient the next day.

This collaboration, physician and engineer, would go on to characterize a medical device industry that has in the subsequent 60 years developed thousands of inventions and innovations that have saved millions of lives around the world.

Bakken would see his company, Medtronic, grow to be the largest pure-play medical device company in the world, with nearly $30 billion in sales. From Medtronic, hundreds of other companies would start and solidify Minnesota’s place as Medical Alley, one of the strongest medical device clusters in the world.

Medical Alley CEO addresses attendees at the Smithsonian event.
On December 15th a reception was held to celebrate the recent opening of an exhibition, Places of Invention, at the National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. Sponsored by three entities; Bakken’s company, Medtronic, the Association he created in 1984 to support the industry, The Medical Alley Association, and his museum, The Bakken. Industry leaders, including Medtronic’s current CEO, Omar Ishrak, legislative leaders and others involved in the history and future of the industry had a chance to see the exhibit and discuss the continuing development of Medical Alley.

Medical Alley has come to describe a region in Minnesota that spans roughly from Rochester, MN and its famed Mayo Clinic, through the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, all the way to the north of the state and the city of Duluth. Medical Alley is home to thousands of medical device firms, biotech firms, hospitals and research institutions.

This region has been recognized by the federal government with an Investing in Manufacturing Communities Partnership (IMCP) designation as a center of excellence in medical device manufacturing. Through this designation, community leaders from the private and public sector, the academic research institutions in the community and Enterprise Minnesota, an MEP Center, are collaborating to ensure that the things that made Medical Alley what it is today, continue tomorrow.

(L-R) Shaye Mandle, President/CEO of The Medical Alley Association, Rep. Erik Paulsen, Minnesota 3rd District, Manny Villafaña, Founder of Cardiac Pacemakers, St. Jude Medical and others, Rob Cloark, Vice President of Global Communications Medtronic, Mike Langley, CEO of GreaterMSP and Tim Pelura CEO of Surpass.
Medical Alley was selected to be included in the exhibit along with other notable U.S. places like Silicon Valley and Hollywood, both in California, that have contributed major business and technological innovation to the world. They are also all places that have come to represent something more than a single invention or collection of companies.

While each of the exhibits focused on a particular period of time for the region, in Medical Alley’s case the 1950’s, the showing of people for the exhibit demonstrates that Medical Alley is not history. With the support of the IMCP designation, Medical Alley remains a vital community, which is continuing to develop new technologies that save lives and reduce suffering.

And to think it all started because a doctor and an engineer needed to fix a problem with power outages.

About the author

Shaye Mandle

Shaye Mandle is the President & CEO of The Medical Alley Association.

Related posts


Add new comment

Enter the characters shown in the image.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Please be respectful when posting comments. We will post all comments without editing as long as they are appropriate for a public, family friendly website, are on topic and do not contain profanity, personal attacks, misleading or false information/accusations or promote specific commercial products, services or organizations. Comments that violate our comment policy or include links to non-government organizations/web pages will not be posted.