An electronic monograph
Modeling and Measuring the Structure and Properties of Concrete Materials
Over the last 20 years, computational materials science has developed as a scientific discipline, powered by the revolutionary advances made in computer processing speed and memory capacity. The main application of this discipline has been to random materials, where analytical approaches are inadequate. This applies especially to concrete, which is a random material over length scales ranging from nanometers to meters. Along with this modeling growth has come an increased emphasis on the careful experimental measurement of concrete microstructure and properties, based on fundamental materials science.
How to use this monograph
For someone working in concrete, and is new to the modeling of concrete, we suggest that you start with the introduction and work straight through the monograph, Part I. There are some who work with other materials and don't know much about concrete, and who are actually more interested in the modeling techniques themselves. For this category of people, we have included an appendix (Appendix I-1) that will introduce non-cement researchers to concrete and summarize the main modeling results. This is also an appropriate review for people working in the field of cement-based materials. Part II of the monograph focuses more on general, non-concrete applications of models.
Much of this work has been done in collaboration with researchers involved in the Center for Advanced Cement-Based Materials (ACBM), which is headquartered at Northwestern University. ACBM is a consortium of Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, Purdue University, the University of Michigan, and NIST. We also thank the NIST Building and Fire Research Laboratory, along with its former director, Dr. Richard Wright (retired), Dr. Geoffrey Frohnsdorff (deceased), and Dr. James Clifton (deceased), for their long-term support of this modeling effort. We also acknowledge the HYPERCON: Prediction and Optimization of Concrete Performance program for funding the continuing development of this electronic monograph and some of the modeling program. Other sponsors include ACBM, the industrial members of the Virtual Cement and Concrete Testing Laboratory, NRC, and FHWA.
Table of contents
Part I: Cement-Based Materials
Part II: Fire-Resistive Materials
Part III: General Random Porous Materials