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Topic Area: Materials Science
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Displaying records 481 to 490 of 520 records.
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481. The value of shade: Estimating the effect of urban trees on summertime electricity use
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/1/2009
Authors: Geoffrey Donovan, David T Butry
Abstract: We estimated the effect of shade trees on the summertime electricity use of 640 single-family homes in Sacramento, California. Results show that trees on the west and south sides of a house reduce summertime electricity use, whereas trees on the nort ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900257

482. Thermogravimetric Analysis with a Heated Quartz Crystal Microbalance
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/11/2012
Authors: Ward L Johnson, Elisabeth Mansfield
Abstract: Thermogravimetric analysis with an SC-cut quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) were demonstrated at temperatures in the range from 20 C to 450 C. A measurement system was built around a crystal sensor head that was mounted in a small tube furnace. Cha ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911594

483. Thermomechanical Detwinning of Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-x Single Crystals
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/11/1989
Authors: Debra L Kaiser, Frank W Gayle, Robert S. Roth, L Swartzendruber
Abstract: A method for the complete removal of twins from single crystals of superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-x is described. The process depends on ferroelastic behavior found to exist in the phase, and should be generally applicable to the layered perovskite-type p ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902221

484. Thermoreversible Gels from Mixtures of a High-melting Ionic Liquid and a Polar Polymer for Self-Healing Materials
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/27/2011
Authors: Joonsung (Joonsung) Yoon, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: We investigate a new kind of PVOH physical gel in which the volatile water is replaced with a non-volatile ionic liquid (IL). High melting IL containing Br- anion was chosen so that the hydrogen-bond accepting Br- can enhance miscibility with PVOH wh ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907159

485. Thickness effect on the viscoelastic properties of polystyrene thin films as measured by thermal wrinkling
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/29/2010
Authors: Edwin P Chan, Santanu S. Kundu, Qinhuang Lin, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: The viscoelastic properties of polymer thin films can have a significant impact on the performance in many small-scale devices. In this work, we use thermal wrinkling, which is a phenomenon based on a thermally-initiated instability, to measure visco ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906587

486. Third Japan-US Workshop on Combinatorial Material Science and Technology
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 5/16/2005
Author: Winnie K Wong-Ng
Abstract: The Third Japan-US workshop on Combinatorial Material Science and Technology took place at the Loisir Hotel in Naha City on the historical island, Okinawa, Japan, from December 7 to December 10, 2004. This workshop was the third of a series of Japan ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=850865

487. Three dimensional optical manipulation and structural imaging of soft materials by use of laser tweezers and multimodal nonlinear microscopy
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/15/2010
Authors: Rahul P. Trivedi, Kristine A Bertness, Ivan I. Smalyukh
Abstract: We develop an integrated system of holographic optical trapping and multimodal nonlinear microscopy and perform simultaneous three-dimensional optical manipulation and non-invasive structural imaging of composite soft-matter systems. We combine d ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907356

488. Time-resolved photoluminescence of lithographically defined quantum dots fabricated by electron beam lithography and wet chemical etching
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/15/2011
Authors: Varun Boehm Verma, Martin J Stevens, Kevin Lawrence Silverman, Neville Dias, Akash Garg, James J. Coleman, Richard P Mirin
Abstract: We measure the time-resolved photoluminescence characteristics of a novel type of lithographically patterned quantum dot fabricated by electron beam lithography, wet chemical etching, and overgrowth of the barrier layers by metalorganic chemical ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907840

489. Tooth chipping can reveal bite forces and diets of fossil hominins
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/16/2010
Authors: Paul Constantino, James J. Lee, H Chai, Bernhard Zipfel, Charles Ziscovici, Brian Ronald Lawn, Peter Lucas
Abstract: Fossil hominin tooth enamel often exhibits antemortem edge chipping (Robinson 1954; Tobias 1967; Wallace 1973). Here we apply a simple fracture equation to estimate peak bite forces from the sizes of such chips. This equation, previously validated ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904073

490. Towards a Classification System of Manufacturing Objects for the Evaluation of Perception Systems
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7985
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 2/27/2014
Authors: Geraldine S Cheok, Marek Franaszek, Afzal A Godil, Kamel Shawki Saidi, Roger Eastman, Tsai Hong Hong
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915160



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