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Author: mauro zammarano
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1. Synthesis and characterization of isosorbide-based polyphosphonates as biobased flame-retardants.
Published: 6/2/2014
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Timothy C Mauldin, Jeffrey W Gilman, John R Shields, Dylan B Timothy
Abstract: A new isosorbide-based polyphosphate was synthesized and applied as a flame-retardant for polylactic acid (PLA). The storage modulus and glass transition temperature of PLA is unaffected by the inclusion of polyphosphonate, but moderate depressi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915432

2. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914809

3. Nanoparticles in Flame-Retardant Coatings for Flexible Polyurethane Foams: Effects on Flammability and Nanoparticle Release
Published: 5/15/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Rick D Davis, Yeon S. Kim, Richard H. Harris Jr., Marc R. Nyden, Jeffrey W Gilman, Nasir M. Uddin
Abstract: Nanoparticles can effectively reduce polymer flammability; however, the impact of nanoparticles on environmental and health safety is still unclear. The purpose of this study is twofold: (1) to develop and investigate the effect of nanoparticle-rich- ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913190

4. Impact of Test and Foam Design on Smoldering
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1799
Published: 5/14/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering propensity of fabrics used in upholstered furniture can be assessed using foam mockups according to the CPSC proposed regulation. This approach requires a polyurethane flexible foam with reproducible and well- characterized smoldering ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913737

5. Thermal and Burning Properties of Poly(lactic acid) Composites Using Cellulose-Based Intumescing Flame Retardants
Published: 12/21/2012
Authors: Douglas Matthew Fox, Srilatha Temburni, Melissa Novy, Laura Flynn, Mauro Zammarano, Yeon S. Kim, Jeffrey W Gilman, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Poly(lactic acid) was flame retarded using cellulose-based intumescing flame retardants. Cellulose was an excellent carbon source in combination with ammonium polyphosphate (APP), exhibiting good thermal stabilities and UL-94 ratings of V-0. Nano ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911874

6. Smoldering in Flexible Polyurethane Foams: the Effect of Foam Morphology
Published: 12/18/2012
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Roland H. Kraemer, Rick D Davis, Jeffrey W Gilman, Li Piin Sung, Douglas Matthew Fox, Shivani Navin Mehta
Abstract: Smoldering is a self-sustaining heterogeneous oxidation reaction that induces a slow, low temperature, flameless combustion. Flexible polyurethane foams (PUF) are prone to smoldering due to their high air permeability, low density and high specific ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911968

7. Standard Operating Procedures for Smolder Ignition Testing of Upholstery Fabrics
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1775
Published: 12/11/2012
Authors: Rick D Davis, Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Roland H. Kraemer
Abstract: This manuscript describes a methodology to measure the influence of an upholstery cover fabric to promote smoldering mass loss of a small-scale mock-up. The primary test metric is total mock-up mass loss after 45 min exposure to the smoldering ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912584

8. Formation of Extended Ionomeric Network by Bulk Polymerization of L,D-lactide with Layered Double Hydroxide
Published: 11/22/2012
Authors: Edward D. McCarthy, Mauro Zammarano, Douglas M. Fox, Ryan C Nieuwendaal, Yeon S. Kim, P H Maupin, Paul C Trulove, Jeffrey W Gilman
Abstract: We report the formation of an ionomeric network in a poly(L,D-lactide) hybrid nanocomposite, (PLDLA-HYB) during in-situ melt polymerization of L,D lactide in the presence of magnesium/aluminium layered-double-hydroxide (LDH) without added catalyst. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910615

9. Factors Influencing the Smoldering Performance of Polyurethane Foam
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1747
Published: 9/26/2012
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Roland H. Kraemer, Rick D Davis, Jeffrey W Gilman, Shivani Navin Mehta
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether polyurethane foam (PUF) could be produced as a standard reference material for ultimate use in a standard test intended to ensure the smoldering performance of commercially available upholstered ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911753

10. Absorption and Reflection of Infrared Radiation by Polymers in Fire-Like Environments
Published: 7/17/2012
Authors: Gregory T Linteris, Mauro Zammarano, Boris Wilthan, Leonard M Hanssen
Abstract: In large-scale fires, the input of energy to burning materials occurs predominantly by radiative transfer. The in-depth absorption of radiant energy by a polymer influences its ignition time and burning rate. The present investigation examines two ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908058



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