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1. Layered Double Hydroxide-Based Fire Re-sistant Coatings for Flexible Polyurethane Foam
Published: 11/5/2015
Authors: Yu-Chin Li, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Montmorillonite clay (MMT) is frequently used to create fire resistance in Layer-by-Layer (LbL) applied coatings. This manuscript reports that switching the MMT with layered double hydroxides (LDH) produced a more effective fire resistant coating on ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917056

2. Layer Double Hydroxide and Sodium Montmorillonite Multilayer Coatings for the Flammability Reduction of Flexible Polyurethane Foams
Published: 3/9/2015
Authors: Rick D Davis, Yu-Chin Li, John R Shields
Abstract: Flexible polyurethane foam (PUF) is coated by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly using branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI), poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), and two different charged nanoparticles, such as sodium montmorillonite (Na-MMT) and layered double hydroxi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917079

3. One-Pot, Bio-Inspired Coatings to Reduce the Flammability of Flexible Polyurethane Foams
Published: 2/27/2015
Authors: Rick D Davis, Yu-Chin Li, Michelle Rose Gervasio, Yeon Seok Kim
Abstract: In this manuscript, natural materials were combined into a single ,potŠ to produce flexible, highly fire resistant, and bioinspired coatings on flexible polyurethane foam (PUF). In one step, PUF was coated with a fire protective layer constructed ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917268

4. Evaluating Smoldering Behavior of Fire-Blocking Barrier Fabrics
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Published: 1/29/2015
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D Davis
Abstract: This study reports on the smoldering propensity of commercially available barrier fabrics (BFs) in a small-scale upholstered seating mock-up configuration. Most commercially available BFs are smolder resistant when tested alone over a standard flexi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915961

5. Evaluating smoldering behavior of fire-blocking barrier fabrics
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1859
Published: 1/29/2015
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D Davis
Abstract: This study reports on the smoldering propensity of commercially available barrier fabrics (BFs) in a small-scale mock-up configuration. Most BFs are smolder resistant when tested alone over a standard flexible polyurethane foam (FPUF). However, w ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917645

6. DNA-based Nanocomposite Bio-Coatings for Fire Retarding Polyurethane Foam
Published: 5/2/2014
Authors: Yu-Chin Li, Yeon Seok Kim, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembled multilayer thin films of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), chitosan (CHI), and montmorillonite (MMT), were studied in an effort to produce fully renewable, bio-based fire retardant coatings for flexible polyurethane foam ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915517

7. Rapid Growing Clay Coatings to Ruduce the Fire Threat of Furniture
Published: 1/14/2014
Authors: Yeon Seok Kim, Yu-Chin Li, William M Pitts, Rick D Davis
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914830

8. Reducing the Risk of Fire in Buildings and Communities
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Anthony P Hamins, Jason D Averill, Nelson P Bryner, David T Butry, Richard George Gann, Rick D Davis, Daniel Madrzykowski, Alexander Maranghides, Jiann C Yang, Matthew F Bundy, Samuel L Manzello, Jeffrey W Gilman, Francine K. Amon, William E. Mell
Abstract: Fire costs and losses are a significant life safety and economic burden on society comprising about two percent of the United States gross domestic product. This paper presents the results of a roadmap developed by the National Institute of Standar ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913244

9. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914809

10. Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Layer-by-Layer Coatings With a Novel Trilayer Structure to Reduce Foam Flammability
Published: 10/29/2013
Authors: Rick D Davis, Yeon Seok Kim, Amanda A Cain, Jaime C. Grunlan
Abstract: The research presented here is the first report of fabricating multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) based thin coatings on polyurethane foam (PUF) using Layer-by-Layer assembly, and using MWCNTs to reduce the flammability of PUF. The (440.6 ± 47.1) ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907032



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