Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).

View the beta site
NIST logo

ANSI/NIST-ITL Standard History

The first version of the standard, ANSI/NBS-ICST 1-1986 was published by NIST (formerly the National Bureau of Standards) in 1986. It was a minutiae-based standard. Revisions to the standard were made in 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2007.Updates to the standard are designed to be backward compatible, with new versions including additional biometric modalities and associated data. All of these versions use "Traditional" encoding.

In 2008, XML encoding of the standard was introduced, based upon the 2007 version. The 2007 and 2008 versions of the standard were designed to be the same except for the encoding. The XML encoding was developed using the naming conventions of the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM). Thus, this encoding is referred to as "NIEM-conformant XML."

In 2009, a minor supplement to the 2007 and 2008 versions was approved that extended the codes for friction ridge images to include multiple finger capture.

In November, 2011 a new version of the standard was approved. This version is focused on the content of the transmission, with encoding rules handled as annexes. Thus, there is no need for separate versions of the standard as was the case for 2007 (Traditional format) and 2008 (NIEM-conformant XML). The 2011 version of the standard also includes additional modalities (DNA and plantar) as well as the extended feature set (EFS) for Type-9 record; forensic image markups for face and iris; new metadata fields such as geoposition of sample collection; biometric data hashing; an information assurance record; associated context record; original source record and data handling logs; images of all body parts in the Type-10 record and more. Current plans are to extend the standard to include records types for voice recognition and dental forensics / bitemark analysis as well as an annex for conformity assessment.

In 2013, the standard was updated to ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2011:Update 2013. The Forensic Dental and the Forensic and Investigatory Voice Supplements were approved.

Prior versions of the ANSI/NIST-ITL Standard



NIST Special Publication 500-290 Data Format for the Interchange of
Fingerprint, Facial & Other Biometric Information

2007 - 2009


Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information - Part 1 (ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2007)

Reference data files(zip file of 30 examples with associated README file)

CTA and CTS for ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2007 - Conformance Testing Information


Part 2: XML Version (ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2008)

XML files, with NIEM subset. (Remove ActivityAugmentationype and ProtectionOrderAugmentationtype for it to work correctly with JAXB and Java. In this version transactionCategoryCode (TOT) uses an enumeration type for TOTCodeSimpleType and is not substitutable.)


ANSI/NIST-ITL 1a-2009 addendum to ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2007


Superceded Standard

Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, and Scar Mark and Tattoo (SMT) Information (ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2000)

1993 - 1997

Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Information (ANSI/NIST-CSL 1-1993)

ANSI/NIST-ITL 1a-1997 Addendum to ANSI/NIST-CSL 1-1993


Fingerprint Identification - Data Information for Information Interchange (ANSI/NBS-ICST 1-1986)


Kickoff Meeting ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2011 Update:2015
held at NIST on Oct 30 -31, 2014

The ANSI/NIST-ITL Kickoff Meeting was held on Oct 31st is to discuss changes and/or corrections for the updated 2015 standard. One key feature of this update will be the use of NIEM 3.0 for XML encoding of the standard. Currently NIEM 2.1 is used for ANSI/NIST-ITL schemas.

There was also a Mobile ID Best Practices Recommendations Kickoff Meeting on October 30, 2014 to discuss changes for creating a new and updated version of the Mobile ID BPR. The BPR has not been updated in several years and needs to be brought up to date.

Workshop for 2011:Update 2013 Version
held at NIST on January 28-30, 2013

The workshop will provide an opportunity to review current developments on

Here is the link to the press release from NIST describing the workshop. http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/biometrics-011413.cfm

Workshop II for the 2011 Version
held at NIST on March 1-3, 2011

On March 1-3, 2011 the second workshop to develop the 2011 version of the standard was held at NIST. The results of the 16 working groups formed at the first workshop were presented. Based upon the results of this workshop, the editor developed a draft version of the updated standard that was circulated to the canvassees. A team developed the XML schema. Updated drafts of the standard were circulated among the canvassees and an initial vote was conducted. In order to resolve comments from the canvassees, a re-ballot with a new draft was conducted. In order to resolve one last area of differences, a second reballot was conducted (ending on November 9, 2011) which resulted in unanimous approval of this version of the standard.

Workshop I for the 2011 Version
held at NIST on July 27-29, 2010

This workshop was designed to get input from the canvassees and other interested parties in the proposed content for a revision to the ANSI/NIST-ITL standard.

Archived Information

XML & MobileID Workshop
held at NIST Sept 18-19, 2007

The workshop was held to progress the XML version of the standard as well as to develop procedures for use with mobile identification.

Overview of XML standard


Workshop II for 2007 Version
held at NIST on December 5-6, 2005

This workshop was designed to get input from the canvassees and other interested parties in the proposed content for a revision to the ANSI/NIST-ITL standard.



Workshop I for 2007 Version
held at NIST on April 26-28, 2005

This workshop was convened to chart the future of the ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2000 fingerprint data exchange standard.




Summary of 1998 Workshop

Bookmark and Share