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Displaying records 1 to 10 of 33 records.
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1. A 350-GHz high-resolution high-sensitivity passive video imaging system
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 4/27/2010
Authors: Daniel T Becker, James A Beall, Hsiao-Mei Cho, William Duncan, Kent D Irwin, Gene C Hilton, Robert Daniel Horansky, Peter J Lowell, Michael D. Niemack, Nicholas G Paulter Jr., Carl D Reintsema, Francis Joseph Schima, Robert E Schwall, Ki W. Yoon, Peter Ade, Carole Tucker, Simon Dicker, Mark Halpern
Abstract: We are developing a 350 GHz cryogenic passive video imaging system. This demonstration system uses 800 photon-noise-limited superconducting transition edge sensor bolometers. It will image a 1 m x 1 m area at a standoff distance of 16 m to a resoluti ...

2. A High Resolution High-Sensitivity Standoff Imaging System at 350 GHz
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 5/23/2011
Authors: Daniel T Becker, Cale Gentry, James A Beall, Hsiao-Mei Cho, William Duncan, Gene C Hilton, Kent D Irwin, Peter J Lowell, Michael D. Niemack, Nicholas G Paulter Jr., Carl D Reintsema, Francis Joseph Schima, Robert E Schwall, Peter Ade, Carole Tucker, Simon Dicker, Halpern Mark
Abstract: Millimeter wavelength radiation holds promise for detection of security threats at a distance, including suicide bomb belts and maritime threats in poor weather conditions. The sensitivity provided by superconducting Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) bol ...

3. A collection and statistical analysis of skin reflectance signatures for inherent variability over the 250 nm to 2500 nm spectral range
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 6/4/2014
Authors: Catherine C Cooksey, Benjamin K Tsai, David W Allen
Abstract: The spectral reflectance signature of human skin provides opportunities to advance observations ranging from medical treatment to security applications. In this study 28 volunteers participated in a skin reflectance measurement of the inside of the r ...

4. A microfabricated photonic magnetometer
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 6/14/2009
Authors: Jan Preusser, Svenja A Knappe, Vladislav Gerginov, John E Kitching
Abstract: A system for sensing magnetic fields is proposed, composed of an array of passive microfabricated alkali atom sensor heads coupled to a control unit using only optical interconnects. The optical coupling can be achieved by either free-space transmiss ...

5. Absolute Flux Calibration of Stars; Calibration of the Reference Telescope
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 6/2/2009
Authors: Allan W. Smith, John Taylor Woodward IV, Colleen Alana Jenkins, Steven W Brown, Keith R Lykke
Abstract: Absolute stellar photometry is based on 1970s terrestrial measurements of the star Vega with instruments calibrated using the Planckian radiance from a Cu fixed-point blackbody. Significant advances in absolute radiometry have been made in the last 3 ...

6. Achieving Climate Change Absolute Accuracy in Orbit
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 10/28/2013
Authors: Bruce Wielicki, Joseph Paul Rice
Abstract: The Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission will provide a metrology laboratory in orbit for the purpose of accurately measuring and attributing climate change. CLARREO measurements establish new climate change benchm ...

7. An absolute cavity pyrgeometer to measure the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance with traceability to International System of Units, SI
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 3/1/2012
Authors: Ibrahim Reda, Jinan Zeng, Jonathan Scheuch, Leonard M Hanssen, Daryl Myers, Boris Wilthan, Tom Stoffel
Abstract: This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP). The ACP consists ofa domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold- plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acqu ...

8. Calibration of the spectral radiant power responsivity of windowed pyroelectric radiometers from 785 nm to 14 ¿m
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 9/16/2008
Authors: Leonard M Hanssen, Jinan Zeng
Abstract: As part of the optical detector characterization program at the Optical Technology Division at NIST, we have established a capability for the calibration of spectral radiant power responsivity in the infrared from 785 nm to 14 μm. We have ...

9. Characterization of Two Spectrmeters in Support of the Landsat Data Continuity Mission
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 8/27/2010
Authors: Bettye C Johnson, Robert D. Saunders, Zhigang Li, Abra Fein, Lawrence Ong, Milton Hom, Robert Barnes, B L Markham
Abstract: The Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) project at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is supervising the manufacture and calibration of the Operational Land Imager (OLI) satellite instrument ...

10. Circular Polarization in Scattered Light as a Possible Biomarker
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 3/2/2009
Authors: Thomas Avery Germer, William Sparks, James H. Hough, Ludmilla Kolokolova, Feng Chen, Shiladitya DasSarma, Priya DasSarma, Frank Robb, Nadine Manset, Neill Reid, F. D. Macchetto, William Martin
Abstract: Biological molecules exhibit homochirality and are optically active. Therefore, it is possible that the scattering of light by biological molecules might result in a macroscopic signature in the form of circular polarization. If this is the case, the ...

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