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Topic Area: Optical Physics
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Displaying records 51 to 60 of 62 records.
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51. Strong Casimir force reduction by metallic surface nanostructuring
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/27/2013
Authors: Francesco Intravaia, Stefan T. Koev, Il Woong Jung, Albert A. Talin, Paul S Davids, Ricardo Decca, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Diego A. R. Dalvit, Daniel Lopez
Abstract: The Casimir force is a quantum-mechanical interaction arising from vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic (EM) field and is technologically significant in micro- and nanomechanical systems. Despite rapid progress in nanophotonics, the goal of e ...

52. Sub-micron absolute distance measurements in sub-millisecond times with dual free-running femtosecond Er fiber-lasers
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/12/2011
Authors: Tze-An Lui, Nathan Reynolds Newbury, Ian R Coddington
Abstract: We demonstrate a simplified dual-comb lidar setup for precision absolute ranging that can achieve a ranging precision at a meter of 2 {mu}m in 140 {mu}s acquisition time. With averaging, the precision drops below 1 micron at 0.8 msec and below 200 nm ...

53. Sub-micron force detection using optically-cooled levitated microspheres
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/3/2010
Authors: Andrew Geraci, Scott B Papp, John E Kitching
Abstract: We propose an experiment using optically trapped and cooled dielectric microspheres for the detection of short-range forces. The center-of-mass motion of a microsphere trapped in vacuum can experience extremely low dissipation and quality factors of ...

54. The evolving optical frequency comb
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 10/22/2010
Author: Scott A Diddams
Abstract: Much as natural historians search for the first roots of our human race, curiosity drives the laser scientist to pursue the roots of his or her own field. This is especially the case in this year where our community celebrates the 50th anniversary o ...

55. Ultrafast Demagnetization Measurements using Extreme Ultraviolet Light: Comparison of Electronic and Magnetic Contributions
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 1/23/2012
Authors: Thomas J Silva, Justin M Shaw, Hans Toya Nembach, Margaret M. Murnane, Henry C. Kapteyn, Chan La-O-Vorakiat, Stefan Mathias, Emrah Turgut, Teale A. Carson, Martin Aeschlimann, Claus M. Schneider
Abstract: Ultrashort pulses of extreme ultraviolet light from high-harmonic generation are a new tool for probing coupled charge, spin, and phonon dynamics with element specificity, attosecond pump-probe synchronization, and time resolution of a few-femtosecon ...

56. Ultrafast element-specific magnetization Dynamics of complex magnetic materials on a table-top
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 12/21/2012
Authors: Thomas J Silva, Justin M Shaw, Hans Toya Nembach, Chan La-O-Vorakiat, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, Stefan Mathias, Roman Adam, Patrik Grychtol, Martin Aeschlimann, Claus M. Schneider, Emrah Turgut, Dennis Rudolf
Abstract: We review recent progress in femtosecond magnetization dynamics probed by extreme ultraviolet pulses from high-harmonic generation. In a transverse magneto-optical Kerr geometry, we establish an ultrafast, element-specific experimental capability - ...

57. Uncooled, Millimeter-Scale Atomic Magnetometers with Femtotesla Sensitivity
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 10/26/2009
Authors: John E Kitching, Svenja A Knappe, William C. Griffith, Jan Preusser, V Gerginov, Peter D. Schwindt, Vishal Shah, Ricardo Jimenez Martinez
Abstract: We summarize recent results at NIST to develop high-performance yet highly miniaturized magnetic sensors based on atomic vapors confined in microfabricated alkali vapor cells. These sensors currently achieve sensitivities in the range of a few tens o ...

58. Uniform and enhanced field emission from chromium oxide coated carbon nanosheets
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 4/2/2008
Authors: Uwe Arp, Kun Hou, Ronald Outlaw, Wang Sigen, Mingyao Zhu, Ronald Quinlan, Dennis Manos, Martin Kordesch, Brian Holloway
Abstract: Carbon nanosheets, a two-dimensional carbon nanostructure, are promising electron cathode materials for applications in vacuum microelectronic devices. This letter demonstrates a simple approach to improve the spatial emission uniformity of carbon na ...

59. Using radiation pressure for measurement of high-power laser emission
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Paul A Williams, Joshua Aram Hadler, Robert Lee, Frank Maring, John H Lehman
Abstract: We demonstrate a paradigm in absolute laser radiometry where a laser beam's power can be measured from its radiation pressure. Using an off-the-shelf high-accuracy mass scale and a 500 W Yb-doped fiber laser and a 92 kW CO2 laser, we show preliminary ...

60. Vector characterization of high-speed components using linear optical sampling with milliradian resolution
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 12/1/2008
Authors: Paul A Williams, Tasshi Dennis, Ian R Coddington, William C Swann, Nathan Reynolds Newbury
Abstract: We demonstrate linear optical sampling measurements optimized for characterization of the signals produced by optical components. By sampling the optical electric field before and after the component, we isolate the full vector field (phase and ampli ...

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