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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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21. Indoor Air Quality: The Forgotten, Yet Critical, Element in Sustainable Buildings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In this paper, we consider how high performing, sustainable building programs and designs are currently addressing indoor air quality (IAQ) and how they might improve their treatment of IAQ. As part of this effort, we reviewed 100 case studies of hig ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915782

22. Long Term Air Quality Monitoring in a Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Designed with Specifications for Low Emitting Interior Products
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Dustin G Poppendieck, Lisa C Ng, Matthew P Schlegel, Andrew Keith Persily, Alfred Hodgson
Abstract: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a low-VOC (volatile organic compounds) specification designed to minimize occupant exposures to indoor air pollutants in a net-zero energy research house meeting the ASHRAE Standard 62.2 ventilation requireme ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915779

23. Long Term Emissions from Spray Polyurethane Foam Insulation
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Dustin G Poppendieck, Steven J Nabinger, Matthew P Schlegel, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: The desire to build more energy efficient homes in the United States has lead to the expansion of the residential spray polyurethane foam (SPF) insulation industry. Annually, over 100,000 homes in the United States are constructed or retrofit using S ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915781

24. Particle Image Velocimetry Experiments in a Wind Tunnel to Study Wind-driven Airflow through Building Openings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Author: Liang Chung J Lo
Abstract: Today‰s low energy and sustainable buildings often call for innovative designs involving strategies such as natural ventilation. However, natural ventilation airflows are often difficult to estimate, in large part due to the unsteadiness of the wind. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915632

25. Simulation Study of Carbon Monoxide Exposure from Portable Generators in U.S. Residences
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich, Yanling Wang, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: A simulation study was conducted to evaluate indoor CO exposures as a function of portable generator location and CO emission rate in order to support the development of potential CO emission limits for generators. These simulations employed the mult ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915775

26. Indoor Air Quality in High Performance Buildings: What is and isn't in ASHRAE/IES/USGBC Standard 189.1
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/29/2014
Author: Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: While most discussions of high performance buildings (HPB) include site impacts, water use, energy, materials and indoor environmental quality, energy often receives more attention than these other attributes. Given that buildings exist primarily for ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915783

27. Development and Application of an Updated Whole-Building Coupled Thermal, Airflow, and Contaminant Transport Simulation Program (TRNSYS/CONTAM)
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: William S Dols, Wang Liangzhu, Steven J Emmerich, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: The TRNSYS energy analysis tool has been capable of simulating whole building coupled heat transfer and building airflow for several years. The current implementation is based on two TRNSYS modules Type 56 and Type 97. Type 97 is based on a subset of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914776

28. Dielectric characterization by microwave cavity perturbation corrected for non-uniform fields
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: Nathan Daniel Orloff, Jan Obrzut, Christian John Long, Thomas Fung Lam, James C Booth, David R Novotny, James Alexander Liddle, Pavel Kabos
Abstract: The non-uniform fields that occur due to the slot in the cavity through which the sample is inserted and those due to the sample geometry itself decrease the accuracy of dielectric characterization by cavity perturbation at microwave frequencies. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915011

29. BEHAVIOR OF STEEL COMPONENTS SUBJECTED TO LOCALIZED FIRE
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 6/11/2014
Authors: Chao Zhang, John L Gross, Lisa Yong yae Choe
Abstract: Recent numerical studies on the behavior of steel components subjected to a localized fire are presented. Sequentially coupled thermo-mechanical simulations were conducted to predict the steel temperature distribution, the deformation mode and fa ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915901

30. USA - Characteristics, Impacts, and Future Directions
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 6/11/2014
Authors: Sarah Slaughter, Douglas S Thomas, Robert E Chapman
Abstract: Investments in the built environment provide the basis for civil society and commerce, and construction is an engine of growth for the U.S. economy, equaling approximately 3 % to 5 % of GDP. Current U.S. annual expenditures for construction-related ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913123



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