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91. Near-Wall Modeling for Large Eddy Simulation of Convective Heat Transfer in Turbulent Boundary Layers
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/18/2012
Authors: Randall Joseph McDermott, Hyun Wook Park, Kiyoung Moon, Ezgi Oztekin, Changhoon Lee, Jung-il Choi
Abstract: A well-known challenge for large eddy simulation (LES) is to provide a smooth transition from molecular to turbulent transport near the wall without having to explicitly resolve the viscous sublayer. We propose a simple but efficient approach based ...

92. Modeling of Reinforced Concrete Assemblies under a Column Removal Scenario
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/8/2012
Authors: Yihai Bao, Hai Sang Lew, Sashi K. Kunnath
Abstract: This paper presents a computational investigation of two reinforced concrete beam-column assemblies, each comprising three columns and two beams, subjected to monotonically increasing vertical displacement of the unsupported center column simulating ...

93. Indoor Air Quality Analyses of Commercial Reference Buildings
Report Number: 1734
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/1/2012
Authors: Lisa C Ng, Amy Musser, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: Sixteen commercial reference buildings were created in the multizone airflow and contaminant transport program CONTAM in order to support airflow and indoor air quality (IAQ) analyses, which are not possible using the existing EnergyPlus input files ...

94. Finite-element models of the National Fire Research Laboratory (NFRL)and modular support structure
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7886
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/26/2012
Author: Dat Duthinh
Abstract: This report documents the development of finite-element models (FEM) of the National Fire Research Laboratory (NFRL) and its modular support structure. The models enable a future user of the NFRL to add a potential test structure and perform thermal ...

95. Fitting Weighted Total Least-Squares Planes and Parallel Planes to Support Tolerancing Standards
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/19/2012
Authors: Craig M Shakarji, Vijay Srinivasan
Abstract: We present elegant algorithms for fitting a plane, two parallel planes (corresponding to a slot or a slab) or many parallel planes in a total (orthogonal) least-squares sense to coordinate data that is weighted. Each of these problems is reduced to a ...

96. Estimation of Hurricane Wind Speed Probablities: Application to New York City and Other Coastal Locations
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1773
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/11/2012
Authors: Dong H. Yeo, Emil Simiu, Ning Lin
Abstract: This paper presents a procedure for estimating parametric probabilistic models of hurricane wind speeds from existing information on estimated wind speeds with various mean recurrence intervals (MRIs). Such models may be needed, for example, for ...

97. A Model for Geometry-Dependent Errors in Length Artifacts
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 117.013
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/27/2012
Authors: Daniel S Sawyer, Brian Parry, Christopher J Blackburn, Balasubramanian Muralikrishnan, Steven David Phillips
Abstract: We present a detailed model of dimensional changes in long length artifacts, such as step gauges and ball bars, due to bending under gravity. The comprehensive model is based on evaluation of the gauge points relative to the neutral bending surf ...

98. Factors Influencing the Smoldering Performance of Polyurethane Foam
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1747
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/26/2012
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Roland H. Kraemer, Rick D Davis, Jeffrey W Gilman, Shivani Navin Mehta
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether polyurethane foam (PUF) could be produced as a standard reference material for ultimate use in a standard test intended to ensure the smoldering performance of commercially available upholstered ...

99. Evacuation of People with Disabilities on Stairs
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan Hoskins, Richard D Peacock, Emily Anne Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre ...

100. More Thoughts on Defaults
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski, Michael Spearpoint
Abstract: In this paper, the use of default values in egress models is explored and specific values are proposed to combat issues of model misuse. The authors suggest that defaults should represent the most credibly conservative estimates available for core ...

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