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981. Superior Large-Scale Relaxation and Defectivity in SiGe Layers Grown on Pre-Threaded Si Substrates
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: M Erdtmann, M T Currie, Joseph C Woicik, David R Black
Abstract: State-of-the-art applications involving relaxed SiGe virtual substrates have a low tolerance for defectivity, i.e., threading dislocation density (TDD) and dislocation pile-up density (DPD). Yet in order for virtual substrates to achieve relaxation, ...

982. Surface Energy Anisotropy of SrTiO^d3^ at 1400 C in Air
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: T Sano, D M. Saylor, G S Rohrer
Abstract: Geometric and crystallographic measurements of grain boundary thermal grooves and surface faceting behavior as a function of orientation have been used to determine the surface energy anisotropy of SrTiO^d3^ at 1400 C in air. Under these conditions ...

983. Surface Engineering Measurement Standards for Inorganic Materials
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 960-9
Topic: Ceramics
Published: 4/14/2005
Author: S J Dapkunas
Abstract: The Recommended Practice Guide describes nearly 200 standard measurement methods (standards) used by the surface engineering community. The standards compiled address inorganic (metal and ceramic) materials used in structural applications. The Guide ...

984. Surface Morphology Dependent Magnetic Thin Film Growth: Fe on GaN(0001)
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: P Ryan, R A Rosenberg, D J Keavney, J W Freeland, Joseph C Woicik
Abstract: Iron deposition on ordered and disordered GaN (0001) surfaces result in dramatically different magnetic over-layer characteristics. On the ordered surface, nitrogen rapidly desorbs upon Fe deposition and a magnetically disordered film is produced. Co ...

985. Surface Oxidation Kinetics of SiC Powders in Wet and Dry Air Studied by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Bremsstrahlung-Excited Auger Electron Spectroscopy
Topic: Ceramics
Published: 10/1/2003
Authors: T N Wittberg, P S Wang, Stephen M. Hsu
Abstract: Silicon carbide powder samples were heated at temperatures between 600 C and 850 C in wet and dry air to investigate the effect of moisture on the oxidation kinetics. Equations were derived to calculate the surface oxide thickness from both the Si ...

986. Surface Oxidation of a Silicon Powder Studied by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-Ray Induced Auger Electron Spectroscopy
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: P S Wang, T N Wittberg
Abstract: A commercial silicon powder was studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and x-ray induced Auger electron spectroscopy (XAES). These techniques were used to determine the oxidation kinetics for this powder in the temperature range from 600 ...

987. Surface Stability in Liquid-Crystalline Block Copolymers With Semifluorinated Monodendron Side Groups
Topic: Ceramics
Published: 8/1/2000
Authors: M Xiang, X Li, Christopher K. Ober, K Char, Jan Genzer, E Sivaniah, E K Kramer, Daniel A Fischer
Abstract: Block copolymers with semifluorinated monodendron side groups were synthesized by attachement of a first generation 2-or 3-armed monodendron acid chloride to a hydroxylated poly(styrene-b-1,2/3,4-isoprene). A convergent growth strategy was developed ...

988. Surface Structure and Orientation of PTFE Films Determined by Experimental and FEFF8-Calculated NEXAFS Spectra
Topic: Ceramics
Published: 3/1/2002
Authors: L Gamble, Bruce D Ravel, Daniel A Fischer, David G. Castner
Abstract: Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) experiments have provided information about the orientation of adsorbed small molecules, self-assembled monolayers, and polymers. Long fluorocarbon chains are known to have a twisted (or helical) st ...

989. Surface Texture Design to Generate Specific Sizes and Shapes of UHMWPE Wear Particles
Topic: Ceramics
Published: 1/1/2003
Authors: H. W. Fang, Stephen M. Hsu, J V Sengers
Abstract: Osteolysis induced by UHMWPE wear particles has emerged as the critical failure mechanism of artifical joints. However, the detailed mechanism of osteolysis and bone resorption induced by wear particles leading to the loosening of the total joint re ...

990. Surfaces of Fluorinated Pyridinium Block-Copolymers with Enhanced Antibacterial Activity
Topic: Ceramics
Published: 1/19/2006
Authors: Sitaraman Krishnan, R J Ward, A Hexemer, K E Sohn, K L Lee, E R Angert, Daniel A Fischer, E J Kramer, Christopher K. Ober
Abstract: Polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) copolymers were quaternized with 1-bromohexane and 6-perfluorooctyl-1-bromohexane. Surfaces prepared from these polymers were characterized by contact angle measurements, near-edge X-ray absorption fine structu ...

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