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Displaying records 1 to 10 of 18 records.
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1. Amplification of the optical absorption cross section for aerosols of soot with a nonabsorbing coating from photoacoustic measurements
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 5/13/2011
Authors: Pedro Bueno, Daniel K Havey, George William Mulholland, Joseph Terence Hodges, Keith A Gillis, Russell R Dickerson, Michael Russel Zachariah
Abstract: A quantitative understanding of the absorption and scattering properties of mixed soot and aerosol particles is necessary for evaluating the Earth‰s energy balance. Uncertainty in the net radiative forcing of atmospheric aerosols is relatively large ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907323

2. Comparing Methods for Determining Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 3/3/2014
Authors: Rodney A Bryant, Matthew F Bundy, Ruowen Zong
Abstract: The largest source of carbon dioxide emissions is fossil fuel combustion. Since 1990, more than 90% of carbon dioxide emissions within the United States have come from fossil fuel combustion. Stationary sources such as power plants and industrial ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915221

3. Computational Design of New Refrigerant Fluids Based on Environmental, Safety, and Thermodynamic Characteristics
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 9/17/2012
Authors: Andrei F Kazakov, Mark O McLinden, Michael Frenkel
Abstract: We present a systematic search for new classes of refrigerants that would possess low values of Global Warming Potential (GWP), along with low- to moderate flammability and suitable thermodynamic characteristics. We have developed new methods for est ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911477

4. Contact efflorescence as a pathway for crystallization of atmospherically relevant particles
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 12/29/2015
Authors: Joshua A Gordon, Ryan D Davis, Margaret A Tolbert, Shuichi B Ushijimaa, Sara Lance
Abstract: Inadequate knowledge of the phase state of atmospheric particles represents a large source of uncertainty in global climate and atmospheric models. Efflorescence, the process of salt crystal nucleation from a supersaturated aqueous solution upon e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917876

5. Design and Capabilities of NISTs Scale-Model Smokestack Simulator (SMSS)
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 4/17/2015
Authors: Aaron N Johnson, Joey T Boyd, Eric Harman, Mohammad Mohammad Khalil, Jacob E Ricker, Christopher J Crowley, Rodney A Bryant, Iosif I Shinder
Abstract: The amount of CO^d2^ emitted from a coal-fired power plant (CFPP) is measured by continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS) permanently installed in the exhaust smokestack. Both the CO^d2^ concentration and the bulk flow are continuously measured ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=918343

6. Experiences in Environmental Specimen Banking
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 3/1/1989
Authors: Stephen Albert Wise, B. J. Koster, Reenie May Parris, Michele Miller Schantz, S. F. Stone, Rolf Louis Zeisler
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902254

7. Integrated path detection of CO^d^2 and CH^d^4 using a waveform driven electro-optic single sideband laser source
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 7/10/2015
Authors: Gerd Achim Wagner, Stephen E Maxwell, David F Plusquellic
Abstract: Integrated path concentrations of ambient levels of carbon dioxide and methane have been measured during nighttime periods at NIST, Boulder (CO, USA), using a ground-based, eye-safe laser system. In this contribution, we describe the transmitter and ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=918422

8. Long Working-Distance Optical Trap for in Situ Analysis of Contact-Induced Phase Transformations
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 5/11/2015
Authors: Joshua A Gordon, Ryan D Davis, Sara Lance, Margaret A Tolbert
Abstract: The development and characterization of a long working-distance optical trap to analyze a diverse range of particle phase transformations and crystal growth processes is described. Utilizing an upward propagating Gaussian beam and a down-ward propag ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917690

9. Measurement Challenges and Metrology for Monitoring CO2 Emissions from Smokestacks ‹ Workshop Summary
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 1/20/2016
Authors: Aaron N Johnson, Rodney A Bryant, Tamae M Wong, James R Whetstone
Abstract: On April 20-21, 2015, NIST hosted a workshop that, through measurement science, enabled the owners of stationary sources (primarily the electric power industry) and their regulatory agencies (federal and state) to better characterize greenhouse gas ( ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=919405

10. Mobile Sources of Atmospheric Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: A Roadway Tunnel Study
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 10/1/1989
Authors: Bruce A Benner Jr, G. E. Gordon, Stephen Albert Wise
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902261



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