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You searched on: Topic Area: Climate Science Sorted by: date

Displaying records 1 to 10 of 21 records.
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1. Precise methane absorption measurements in the 1.64 micron spectral region for the MERLIN mission
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 6/2/2016
Authors: Joseph Terence Hodges, Stephen E Maxwell, Zachary D Reed, Hong Lin, Keeyon Sung, Malathy Devi, Thomas Warneke, Peter Spietz, Ha Tran, Thibault Delahaye
Abstract: In this article we describe a high-precision laboratory targeting the R(6) manifold of the 2ν3 band of 12CH4. Accurate physical models of this absorption spectrum will be required by the Franco-German, Methane Remote Sensing LIDAR (MERLIN) space ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=920245

2. NIST Weather Station for Photovoltaic and Building System Research
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1913
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 3/29/2016
Author: Matthew T Boyd
Abstract: A weather station has been constructed on the Gaithersburg, Maryland campus of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as part of a research effort to assess performance of photovoltaic and building systems. This weather station inc ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=920399

3. Multispectrum analysis of the Oxygen A-band
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 3/25/2016
Authors: Joseph Terence Hodges, Brian J Drouin, D C Benner, L.R. Brown, Matthew J Cich, Timothy Crawford, Malathy Devi, Alexandre Guillaume, Eli Mlawer, D J Robichaud, Oyafuso Fabiano, Keeyon Sung, Wishnow Edward, Shanshan Yu
Abstract: Retrievals of atmospheric composition from near-infrared measurements require measurements of airmass to better than the desired precision of the composition. The oxygen bands are obvious choices to quantify airmass since the mixing ratio of oxygen i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=920282

4. Measurement Challenges and Metrology for Monitoring CO2 Emissions from Smokestacks ‹ Workshop Summary
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1201
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 1/20/2016
Authors: Aaron N Johnson, Rodney A Bryant, Tamae M Wong, James R Whetstone, Eric Harman, Woong Kang, Keith A Gillis, Hsin-Hung Lee, Iosif I Shinder, Liang Zhang
Abstract: On April 20-21, 2015, NIST hosted a workshop that, through measurement science, enabled the owners of stationary sources (primarily the electric power industry) and their regulatory agencies (federal and state) to better characterize greenhouse gas ( ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=919405

5. Contact efflorescence as a pathway for crystallization of atmospherically relevant particles
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 12/29/2015
Authors: Joshua A Gordon, Ryan D Davis, Margaret A Tolbert, Shuichi B Ushijimaa, Sara Lance
Abstract: Inadequate knowledge of the phase state of atmospheric particles represents a large source of uncertainty in global climate and atmospheric models. Efflorescence, the process of salt crystal nucleation from a supersaturated aqueous solution upon e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917876

6. Integrated path detection of CO^d^2 and CH^d^4 using a waveform driven electro-optic single sideband laser source
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 7/10/2015
Authors: Gerd Achim Wagner, Stephen E Maxwell, David F Plusquellic
Abstract: Integrated path concentrations of ambient levels of carbon dioxide and methane have been measured during nighttime periods at NIST, Boulder (CO, USA), using a ground-based, eye-safe laser system. In this contribution, we describe the transmitter and ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=918422

7. Long Working-Distance Optical Trap for in Situ Analysis of Contact-Induced Phase Transformations
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 5/11/2015
Authors: Joshua A Gordon, Ryan D Davis, Sara Lance, Margaret A Tolbert
Abstract: The development and characterization of a long working-distance optical trap to analyze a diverse range of particle phase transformations and crystal growth processes is described. Utilizing an upward propagating Gaussian beam and a down-ward propag ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917690

8. Design and Capabilities of NISTs Scale-Model Smokestack Simulator (SMSS)
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 4/17/2015
Authors: Aaron N Johnson, Joey T Boyd, Eric Harman, Mohammad Mohammad Khalil, Jacob E Ricker, Christopher J Crowley, Rodney A Bryant, Iosif I Shinder
Abstract: The amount of CO^d2^ emitted from a coal-fired power plant (CFPP) is measured by continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS) permanently installed in the exhaust smokestack. Both the CO^d2^ concentration and the bulk flow are continuously measured ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=918343

9. Progress Towards a NIST Microwave Brightness Temperature Standard for Remote Sensing
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 12/4/2014
Authors: Derek Anderson Houtz, David K Walker, Dazhen Gu
Abstract: We discuss developments at NIST towards improving the passive microwave brightness temperature standard. By reducing uncertainty we can provide a better calibration for improved congruency between future weather and climate monitoring radiometers. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917519

10. Comparing Methods for Determining Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 3/3/2014
Authors: Rodney A Bryant, Matthew F Bundy, Ruowen Zong
Abstract: The largest source of carbon dioxide emissions is fossil fuel combustion. Since 1990, more than 90% of carbon dioxide emissions within the United States have come from fossil fuel combustion. Stationary sources such as power plants and industrial ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915221



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