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Topic Area: Climate Science
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Displaying records 1 to 10 of 18 records.
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1. Comparing Methods for Determining Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 3/3/2014
Authors: Rodney A Bryant, Matthew F Bundy, Ruowen Zong
Abstract: The largest source of carbon dioxide emissions is fossil fuel combustion. Since 1990, more than 90% of carbon dioxide emissions within the United States have come from fossil fuel combustion. Stationary sources such as power plants and industrial ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915221

2. A novel apparatus to measure reflected sunlight from the Moon
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Claire Elizabeth Cramer, Gerald T Fraser, Keith R Lykke, John Taylor Woodward IV, Alan W. Smith
Abstract: We describe a new apparatus for measuring the spectral irradiance of the Moon at visible wavelengths. Our effort builds upon the United States Geological Survey‰s highly successful Robotic Lunar Observatory (ROLO), which determined a precise model fo ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914538

3. Results from the International Halocarbons in Air Comparison Experiment (IHALACE)
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 6/1/2013
Authors: Bradley Hall, George C Rhoderick, A Engel, J. Muhle, J. W. Elkins, F. Artuso, E. Atlas, M. Aydin, D. Blake, E. G. Brunke, S. Chiavarini, P. J. Fraser, J. Happell, P. B. Krummel, I. Levin, M. Loewenstein, M. Malone, S. A. Montzka, S. O'Doherty, S. Reimann, E. S. Saltzman, H. E. Scheel, L. P. Steele, M. K. Vollmer, R. F. Weiss, D. Worthy, Y. Yokouchi
Abstract: The International Halocarbons in Air Comparison Experiment (IHALACE) was conducted to document relationships between calibrations scales among various laboratories that measure atmospheric greenhouse and ozone depleting gases. Six stainless steel cyl ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914533

4. The distance dependences and spatial uniformities of spectral irradiance standard lamps
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 10/19/2012
Authors: Howard W Yoon, Gary D. Graham, Robert D. Saunders, Yuqin Zong, Eric L Shirley
Abstract: We describe the characterization of a group of NIST spectral irradiance lamps at longer distances and larger angles than are typically issued by NIST. The spectral irradiances from the FEL lamps were measured from 50 cm to 150 cm at 8 different dist ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911999

5. Identification of Isethionic Acid and Other Small Molecule Metabolites of Fragilariopsis cylindrus with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 7/8/2012
Authors: Daniel W Bearden, Arezue F. B. Boroujerdi, Peter A. Lee, Giacomo R. DiTullio, Michael G. Janech, Sarah B. Vied
Abstract: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-spectroscopy has been used to obtain metabolic profiles of the polar diatom Fragilariopsis cylindrus, leading to the identification of a novel metabolite in this organism. Initial results from an ongoing metabolomic ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909498

6. The winter time South Pole tropospheric water vapor column: Comparisons of radiosonde and recent terahertz radiometry, use of the saturated column as a proxy measurement; and inference of decadal trends
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 7/7/2012
Authors: Richard Addison Chamberlin, Erich N Grossman
Abstract: We use a fifty year record of winter time radiosonde observations at the South Pole to estimate the precipitable water vapor column (PWV) over the entire period. Humidity data from older radiosondes is of limited reliability; however, we think an est ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910876

7. SORCE SSI Workshop Summary
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 7/1/2012
Authors: Joseph Paul Rice, Jerald Harder, Martin Snow, Thomas Woods
Abstract: Over 30 scientists and calibration specialists gathered at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland, for the first Solar Spectral Irradiance (SSI) Variations Workshop, Feb. 28-March 1, 2012. The purpose of t ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911437

8. QUANTIFICATION OF A PRECISION POINT SOURCE FOR GENERATING CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 6/10/2011
Authors: Robert P. Borthwick, Matthew F Bundy
Abstract: This study provides an analysis of the uncertainty of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from an 8 MW natural gas burner. A precise and accurate point source for industrial quantities of carbon dioxide can be used to evaluate the performance of stack ga ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908266

9. Amplification of the optical absorption cross section for aerosols of soot with a nonabsorbing coating from photoacoustic measurements
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 5/13/2011
Authors: Pedro Bueno, Daniel K Havey, George William Mulholland, Joseph Terence Hodges, Keith A Gillis, Russell R Dickerson, Michael Russel Zachariah
Abstract: A quantitative understanding of the absorption and scattering properties of mixed soot and aerosol particles is necessary for evaluating the Earth‰s energy balance. Uncertainty in the net radiative forcing of atmospheric aerosols is relatively large ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907323

10. Very black infrared detector from vertically aligned carbon nanotubes and electric-field poling of lithium tantalate
Topic: Climate Science
Published: 8/3/2010
Authors: John H Lehman, Aric Warner Sanders, Leonard M Hanssen, Boris Wilthan, Jinan Zeng, Christopher Jensen
Abstract: Vertically aligned multiwall carbon nanotubes were grown by water-assisted chemical vapor deposition on a large-area lithium tantalate pyroelectric detector. The processing parameters are nominally identical to those by which others have achieved the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905054



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