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You searched on: Topic Area: Fossil Fuels

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 48 records.
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31. Composition-Explicit Distillation Curves for Mixtures of Diesel Fuel with Dimethyl Carbonate and Diethyl Carbonate
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 7/14/2009
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Arron Wolk, Alexander Naydich, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: We have recently introduced several important improvements in the measurement of distillation curves of complex fluids. The modifications to the classical measurement provide for (1) a composition explicit data channel for each distillate fraction ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901495

32. A Comparison of the Hypersonic Vehicle Fuel JP-7 to the Rocket Propellants RP-1 and RP-2 Using the Advanced Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 6/15/2009
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: JP-7 is a hydrocarbon-based kerosene fraction with a low volatility and high thermal stability. JP-7 was developed in the 1950s to meet the more stringent requirements necessary for the development of high-altitude reconnaissance planes that fly at ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901093

33. Composition-Explicit Distillation Curves for Mixtures of Gasoline with Four-Carbon Alcohols (Butanols)
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 3/9/2009
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Arron Wolk, Alexander Naydich
Abstract: Interest in the domestic production of bio-derived fuels, sparked by the high cost of petroleum crude oil, has lead to consideration of fluids to replace or extend conventional petroleum derived fuels. While ethanol as a gasoline extender has receive ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900873

34. Density and Speed of Sound Measurements of Jet A and S-8 Aviation Turbine Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 1/27/2009
Authors: Stephanie L Outcalt, Arno R Laesecke, Malte B. Freund
Abstract: The density and speed of sound were measured for three compositions of aviation jet fuel A, and a synthetic fuel (S-8) derived from the Fischer-Tropsch process. Measurements of density and speed of sound were carried out at ambient pressure (83 kPa) ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832406

35. Variability of The Rocket Propellants RP-1, RP-2, and TS-5: Application of a Composition- and Enthalpy-Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 12/3/2008
Authors: Lisa S. Ott, Amelia B. Hadler, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: We have recently introduced several important improvements in the measurement of distillation curves for complex fluids.  This method is a significant improvement over current approaches, featuring a composition-explicit data channel for each di ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832254

36. Thermal Decomposition of RP-1, RP-2, and Mixtures of RP-2 With Stabilizing Additives
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 11/3/2008
Authors: Jason A Widegren, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: ----- FOR POLICY REVIEW ONLY ----- The thermal decomposition of RP-1, RP-2, and mixtures of RP-2 with three different additives has been investigated. The mixtures with RP-2 contained 5% 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene (tetralin), 5% 1,2,3,4-tetrahy ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901026

37. Multichannel Decomposition and Isomerization of Octyl Radicals
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 10/9/2008
Authors: Wing Tsang, William S McGivern, Jeffrey A Manion
Abstract: The thermal cracking patterns from the decomposition and isomerization of octyl-1 radicals have been determined from the pyrolysis of n-octyl iodide in single pulse shock tube experiments at temperatures in the 850-1000 K range and pressures near 2 b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832207

38. Findings and Recommendations from the Joint NIST/AFRL Workshop on Rocket Propellants and Hypersonic Vehicle Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 9/25/2008
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Matt Billingsley, Ron Bates
Abstract: The Joint NIST/AFRL Workshop on Rocket Propellants and Hypersonic Vehicle Fuels was held on September 25 and 26, 2008 at the Boulder, Colorado laboratories of NIST. The workshop included oral presentations from staff* of NIST, AFRL, CPIAC, NASA, Sta ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900871

39. Isomerization and Decomposition Reactions in the Pyrolysis of Branched Hydrocarbons: 4-Methyl-1-Pentyl Radical
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 7/31/2008
Authors: William S McGivern, Iftikhar Ahmad Awan, Wing Tsang, Jeffrey A Manion
Abstract: The kinetics of the decomposition of 4-methyl-1-pentyl radicals have been studied from 927 1068 K at pressures of 1.78 2.44 bar using a single pulse shock tube with product analysis. The reactant radicals were formed from the thermal C I bond fissio ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832014

40. Application of a Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Metrology to Mixtures of Jet-A and S-8
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 2/19/2008
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Beverly L. Smith
Abstract: We have recently introduced several important improvements in the measurement of distillation curves for complex fluids. The modifications to the classical measurement provide for (1) temperature and volume measurements of low uncertainty, (2) tempe ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=50404



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