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Topic Area: Fossil Fuels

Displaying records 11 to 20 of 69 records.
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11. Application of the Advanced Distillation Curve Method to the Variability of Jet Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/24/2012
Authors: Jessica Lynne Burger, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: In this paper, we report the application of the advanced distillation-curve approach to the gas turbine fuels Jet-A, JP-8, and JP-5, in order to obtain information about the variability of these gas turbine fuels. The measurements of the temperatures ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910865

12. Methodology for Formulating Diesel Surrogate Fuels with Accurate Compositional, Ignition-Quality, and Volatility Characteristics
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/14/2012
Authors: Charles J. Mueller, William J. Cannella, Thomas J Bruno, Bruce Bunting, Heather Dettman, James A. Franz, Marcia L Huber, Mani Natarajan, William J. Pitz, Matthew A. Ratcliff, Ken Wright
Abstract: In this work a novel approach is developed to formulate surrogate fuels having characteristics that are representative of diesel fuels produced from real-world refinery streams. Because diesel fuels consist of hundreds of compounds, it is difficult t ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910696

13. Materials Challenges in Carbon Mitigation Technologies
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 4/24/2012
Authors: Laura Espinal, Bryan D. Morreale
Abstract: Thermochemical conversion of fossil fuels currently dominates the national and global energy portfolio, with the most notable being the stationary power production and transportation vehicles sectors. As global energy demand continues to increase, p ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909611

14. Pressure-Controlled Advanced Distillation Curve Analysis of Biodiesel Fuels: Assessment of Thermal Decomposition
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 4/5/2012
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Bret Windom
Abstract: One of the most important properties measured for liquid fuels is the volatility, usually as expressed by the distillation curve. In previous work, we introduced the composition explicit or advanced distillation curve (ADC) metrology, which we have ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910191

15. Volatility of Mixtures of JP-8 with Biomass Derived Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet Fuels by the Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 2/28/2012
Authors: Jean Van Buren, Kathryn Abel, Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: In recent years, civilian and military users of aviation kerosene have been interested in expanding the scope of fuel feed stocks to include non-petroleum sources. The most well known examples of such alternative sources of fuel are the Fisher-Trops ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910190

16. Measurements and Modeling Study on a High-Aromatic Diesel Fuel
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 1/31/2012
Authors: Bret Windom, Marcia L Huber, Thomas J Bruno, A L Lown, C T Lira
Abstract: The increasing cost of diesel fuel, potential for supply disruptions, and environmental concerns have resulted in a great deal of research to improve the performance and efficiency of diesel engines. This includes significant efforts in the reformul ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909948

17. Comparison of Diesel Fuel Oxygenates with Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method Part 4: Alcohols, Aldehydes, and Butanoic Acid
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 1/2/2012
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Jessica Lynne Burger, Evgenii Baibourine
Abstract: There is a great deal of interest in formulating oxygenated diesel fuels that produce low particulate emissions. In this paper, the fourth in a series of papers on the properties of mixtures of diesel fuel with oxygenating additives, we present the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909951

18. QUANTIFICATION OF A PRECISION POINT SOURCE FOR GENERATING CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 6/10/2011
Authors: Robert P. Borthwick, Matthew F Bundy
Abstract: This study provides an analysis of the uncertainty of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from an 8 MW natural gas burner. A precise and accurate point source for industrial quantities of carbon dioxide can be used to evaluate the performance of stack ga ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908266

19. Comparison of Diesel Fuel Oxygenate Additives with Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method Part 3: t-Butyl Glycerols
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/2/2011
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Interest in the domestic production of all fuels, sparked by the high cost of petroleum crude oil, has led to consideration of fluids to replace or extend conventional petroleum-derived fuels. There is particular interest in formulating oxygenated d ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907910

20. Comparison of Diesel Fuel Oxygenates with Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method Part 1: Linear Compounds with One to Three Oxygens
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/2/2011
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Tara M Lovestead, Jennifer Riggs, Erica Jorgensen, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: There is a great deal of interest in formulating oxygenated diesel fuels that produce low particulate emissions. The most common oxygenating additives for diesel fuels include the glycol ethers, glycol esters, alcohols, ethers and ketones. It is im ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906204



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