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Topic Area: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
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1. Interface scattering in polycrystalline thermoelectrics
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 3/24/2014
Authors: Adrian Popescu, Paul M Haney
Abstract: We study the effect of electron and phonon interface scattering on the thermoelectric properties of disordered, polycrystalline materials (with grain sizes larger than electron and phonons' mean free path). Interface scattering of electrons is treat ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915037

2. Design Considerations for Enhancing Absorption in Semiconductors on Metals with Surface Plasmon Polaritons
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 3/5/2014
Authors: Christopher Bohn, Amit Kumar Agrawal, Youngmin Lee, Charles J Choi, Matthew Davis, Paul M Haney, Henri J Lezec, Veronika A Szalai
Abstract: Surface plasmon polaritons have attracted attention for energy applications such as photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical cells because of their ability to improve optical absorption in thin fi lms. We show that surface plasmon polaritons enhance a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915194

3. Interfacial morphology and water transport of proton-conducting polymer membranes in fuel cell
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 7/5/2013
Authors: Sangcheol Kim, Joseph A Dura, Kirt Anthony Page, Christopher L Soles
Abstract: We quantify the interfacial structure and corresponding water transport kinetics in thin films of Nafion using neutron reflectivity (NR) and quartz-crystal microbalance (QCM) by integrating these measurements with in-situ, controlled relative hum ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913156

4. High-Resolution Photocurrent Microscopy Using Near-Field Cathodoluminescence of Quantum Dots
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 6/10/2013
Authors: Heayoung Yoon, Youngmin Lee, Christopher Bohn, Seung H. Ko, Anthony G Gianfrancesco, Jonathan S. Steckel, Seth Coe-Sullivan, Albert A. Talin, Nikolai B Zhitenev
Abstract: We report a fast, versatile photocurrent imaging technique to visualize the local photo response of solar energy devices and optoelectronics using near-field cathodoluminescence (CL) from a homogeneous quantum dot layer. This approach is quantitative ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913417

5. On Distributed Energy Routing Protocols in the Smart Grid
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 11/5/2012
Authors: Jie Lin, Guobin Xu, David Wesley Griffith, Xinyu Yang, Wei Yu
Abstract: The Smart Grid is a new type of power grid that will provide reliable, secure, and efficient energy transmission and distribution. It promises to integrate distributed energy resources with conventional generation plants, and intelligently transm ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911443

6. Effect of Confinement on Structure, Water Solubility and Water Transport in Nafion Thin Films
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 9/19/2012
Authors: Kirt Anthony Page, Scott Eastman, Shuhui Kang, Christopher L Soles, Brandon W. Rowe
Abstract: Fuel cells based on polymer electrolyte membranes (PEM) show promise as a means of energy conversion for a wide range of applications both in the transportation sector and for stationary power production due to their high charge density and low opera ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911014

7. Inelastic Neutron Scattering on Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 5/7/2012
Authors: Huagen H. Peng, Madhusudan Tyagi, Kirt Anthony Page, Christopher L Soles
Abstract: The relationship between ion transport and polymer dynamics is central to the pursuit of solid polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries. This understanding is critical to achieve solid polymer electrolyte systems of sufficiently high ion conductiv ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910506

8. Computational Seebeck Coefficient Measurement Simulations
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 117.009
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 5/2/2012
Author: Joshua Brooks Martin
Abstract: We have employed finite element analysis to develop computational Seebeck coefficient metrology simulations. This approach enables a unique exploration of multiple probe arrangements and measurement techniques within the same temporal domain. T ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906949

9. Direct Observation of Hydrogen Spillover in Ni-Loaded Pr-Doped Ceria
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 1/17/2012
Authors: Vaneet Sharma, Peter A. Crozier, Renu Sharma, James B. Adams
Abstract: Hydrogen-spillover in Ni-loaded Pr-doped ceria (PDC) was directly observed using an environmental transmission electron microscope (ETEM). Localized reduction of ceria in a H2 atmosphere was observed and attributed to gas-Ni-ceria interactions at the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908886

10. Electrolyte stability determines scaling limits for solid-state 3D Li-ion batteries
Topic: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport
Published: 12/20/2011
Authors: Dmitry Alexandrovich Ruzmetov, Vladimir Pavlovich Oleshko, Paul M Haney, Henri J Lezec, K Karki, K Baloch, Amit K Agrawal, Albert Davydov, Sergiy Krylyuk, Y Liu, JY Huang, Mihaela Tanase, John Cumings, Albert A. Talin
Abstract: Rechargeable, all-solid state Li-ion batteries (LIBs) with high specific capacity and small footprint are highly desirable to power an emerging class of miniature, autonomous microsystems that operate without a hardwire for power or communications. A ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910155



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