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1. "Weighing" a Gas With Microwave and Acoustic Resonances
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 3/24/2015
Authors: Keith A Gillis, James B. Mehl, James W Schmidt, Michael R Moldover
Abstract: With calibrations of large flow meters in mind, we established the feasibility of determining the mass {I}M{/I}of argon gas contained within a 0.3 m^u3^ commercially manufactured pressure vessel ("tank") with a relative uncertainty of {I}u{/I}^dr^({I ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917698

2. Microwave Determination of the Volume of a Pressure Vessel
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 12/9/2014
Authors: Michael R Moldover, James W Schmidt, Keith A Gillis, James B. Mehl, John D Wright
Abstract: Using microwave techniques that are scalable to very large volumes, we measured the interior volume of a 0.3 m^u3^, commercially-manufactured, pressure vessel with an uncertainty of 0.05 %, as confirmed by independent, more-accurate, gas-expansion me ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=917302

3. Long-term stability of metal-envelope enclosed ionization gauges
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 12/1/2012
Authors: James A Fedchak, Dana R Defibaugh
Abstract: Ionization vacuum gauges are used as secondary standards by calibration laboratories and as transfer standards in intercomparisons among metrology laboratories. A quantitative measurement of gauge stability with respect to the gauge calibration fact ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911249

4. Second-order boundary corrections to the radial acoustic eigenvalues for a spherical cavity
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 8/17/2012
Author: Keith A Gillis
Abstract: We calculated the eigenvalues of the radially-symmetric acoustic modes of a gas-filled, spherical cavity to order ({delta}^dT^/{I}a{/I})^u2^, where {delta}^dT^ is the thickness of the thermal boundary layer and {I}a{/I} is the radius of the cavity. O ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911620

5. On spectroscopic models of the O2 A-band and their impact upon atmospheric retrievals
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 6/27/2012
Authors: David A Long, Joseph Terence Hodges
Abstract: Highly accurate spectroscopic models for O2 A-band absorption are required in numerous satellite- and ground-based remote sensing measurements of atmospheric greenhouse gases. In this study, we quantify the sensitivity of the calculated A-band transm ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910425

6. Frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy measurements of carbon dioxide isotope ratios
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 5/15/2011
Authors: Joseph Terence Hodges, David A Long, Mitchio Okumura, Charles E Miller
Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO2) isotopic ratios were measured at 1.6 μm through the use of frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy (FS-CRDS). We report the highest spectrum signal-to-noise ratios to date for CO2 transitions, with values as high ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907103

7. Standard Photoacoustic Spectrometer: Model and Validation using O2 A-Band Spectra
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 6/30/2010
Authors: Keith A Gillis, Daniel K. Havey, Joseph Terence Hodges
Abstract: We model and measure the absolute response of an intensity-modulated photoacoustic spectrometer comprising a 10 cm long resonator and having a {I}Q{/I}-factor of approximately 30. We present a detailed theoretical analysis of the system and predict ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904841

8. Optimizing Acoustic Measurements of the Boltzmann Constant
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 11/22/2009
Author: Michael R Moldover
Abstract: We review the progress in acoustic metrology of gases that has occurred since the 1988 measurement of the universal gas constant {I}R{/I} using a spherical acoustic resonator. The advances in understanding resonators and in calculating the thermophys ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902117

9. The Calculation of Natural Gas Viscosity
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 8/14/2009
Authors: Aaron N Johnson, William Johansen
Abstract: The calculation of natural gas viscosity has been implemented many different ways including the use of constants. Different methods of calculating natural gas viscosity may produce values with differences as large as 50%. Increasing natural gas price ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903462

10. Reference measurements of Hydrogen's Dielectric Permittivity
Topic: Gas Metrology
Published: 8/10/2009
Authors: James W Schmidt, Michael R Moldover, Eric F. May
Abstract: We used a quasi-spherical cavity resonator to measure the relative dielectric permittivity {epsilon}^dr^ of H^d2^ at frequencies from 2.4 GHz to 7.3 GHz, at pressures up to 6.5 MPa, and at the temperatures 273 K and 293 K. The resonator was calibrat ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901652



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