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1. A Comparison of the Hypersonic Vehicle Fuel JP-7 to the Rocket Propellants RP-1 and RP-2 Using the Advanced Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 6/15/2009
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: JP-7 is a hydrocarbon-based kerosene fraction with a low volatility and high thermal stability. JP-7 was developed in the 1950s to meet the more stringent requirements necessary for the development of high-altitude reconnaissance planes that fly at ...

2. A calorimetric and equilibrium investigation of the reaction {methyl ferulate(aq) + H2O(l) = methanol(aq) + ferulic acid(aq)}
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 1/3/2011
Authors: Robert Nathan Goldberg, Michael J Selig, Stephen R. Decker, Brian E Lang
Abstract: Microcalorimetry and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) have been used to conduct a thermodynamic investigation of the reaction: {methyl ferulate(aq) + H2O(l) = methanol(aq) + ferulic acid(aq), as catlyzed by feruloyl esterase. Values of ...

3. Advanced Distillation Curve Analysis on Ethyl Levulinate as a Diesel Fuel Oxygenate and a Hybrid Biodiesel Fuel
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 3/10/2011
Authors: Bret Windom, Tara M Lovestead, Mark Mascal, Edward Nikitin, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Diminishing petroleum reserves, the potential of supply disruptions, price volatility, as well as environmental considerations resulting from polluting emissions, have led to development of alternative liquid fuels and fuel additives produced from re ...

4. Advances in Optical Methods for Trace Gas Analysis
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 5/1/2003
Author: Pamela M Chu
Abstract: The fundamental principles for chemical analysis by optical methods are established. However, only recent advances in instrumentation and spectroscopic techniques have substantially expended the feasibility of routine spectroscopic analysis of gaseo ...

5. Analysis of Fuel Ethanol Plant Liquor with the Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 4/16/2009
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Arron Wolk, Alexander Naydich
Abstract: While the use of ethanol and ethanol blends as motor fuels dates back to the earliest vehicles, ethanol has recently received extraordinary attention as a renewable liquid fuel. In the United States, the application of this fluid is mainly as an add ...

6. Analysis of Organometallic Gasoline Additives with the Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 9/9/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Evgenii Baibourine
Abstract: Problems associated with pre-ignition of fuel in a spark ignition engine have been documented for many years, and include poor performance and structural damage. These problems were addressed in the past by adding organometallic additives such as te ...

7. Application of NMR-based Metabolomics for Environmental Assessment in the Great Lakes using Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) polymorpha)
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 2/21/2015
Authors: Miki Watanabe, Katherine Meyer, Tyler Jackson, Tracey Beth Schock Schock, Ed Johnson, Daniel W Bearden
Abstract: Zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, in the Great Lakes is being monitored as a bio-indicator organism for environmental health effects by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration‰s Mussel Watch program. In order to monitor the enviro ...

8. Application of the Advanced Distillation Curve Method to the Aviation Fuel Avgas 100LL
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 3/2/2009
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: We have recently introduced several important improvements in the measurement of distillation curves for complex fluids. The modifications to the classical method and apparatus provide for (1) a composition explicit data channel for each distillate ...

9. Application of the Advanced Distillation Curve Method to the Development of Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 4/2/2010
Authors: Bret Windom, Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: The primary fuel used within the general aviation industry is a petroleum based gasoline blended with small amounts of tetraethyl lead (a lead-based additive used to increase the octane number of gasoline without affecting its performance) called 100 ...

10. Assessment of the Composition and Distillation Properties of Thermally Stressed RP-1 and RP-2: Application to Fuel Regenerative Cooling
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 9/28/2011
Authors: Bret Windom, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: In this work, we measured the volatility of thermally stressed samples of RP-1 and RP-2 rocket kerosenes by use of the advanced distillation curve method. This work is part of a large program at NIST and other laboratories geared toward improving th ...

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