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Author: Steven Emmerich

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1. Carbon Monoxide Generation, Dispersion and Exposure from Indoor Operation of Gasoline-powered Electric Generators under Actual Weather Conditions
Published: 12/11/2014
Authors: Wang Liangzhu, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily, Cheng-Chun Lin
Abstract: Gasoline-powered electric generators are widely used during power outages, for example during the U.S. hurricane season. Based on currently available data, about ninety-seven percent of generator-related carbon monoxide (CO) fatalities were associate ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904869

2. Study of the Impact of Operation Distance of Outdoor Portable Generators under Different Weather Conditions
Published: 11/13/2014
Authors: Leon Wang, Steven J Emmerich, Cheng-Chun Lin
Abstract: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported that up to half of non-fatal monoxide (CO) poisoning incidents during the hurricane seasons in 2004 and 2005 involved generators operated outdoors but within seven feet of the hom ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910891

3. Carbon Monoxide Exposure from Portable Generators
Published: 10/28/2014
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily, Liangzhu Wang
Abstract: Serious concerns exist about the hazard of acute residential carbon monoxide (CO) exposures from portable gasoline-powered generators, which can result in death or serious adverse health effects. As of April 23, 2013 and as shown in Figure 1, the U.S ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=916491

4. Development of a Test Method to Determine Carbon Monoxide Emission Rates from Portable Generators
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1834
Published: 10/28/2014
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) staff is considering developing a performance standard to address the hazard of acute residential carbon monoxide (CO) exposures from portable gasoline engine-powered generators that result in death ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=916137

5. Carbon Monoxide Exposure Analyses in Support of Emission Rate Limits for Portable Generators
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1846
Published: 10/20/2014
Authors: Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and others are concerned about the hazard of acute residential carbon monoxide (CO) exposures from portable gasoline-powered generators, which can result in death or serious adverse health effects in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=916494

6. Infiltration in energy modeling: a simple equation made better
Published: 8/8/2014
Authors: Lisa C Ng, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: As building envelope performance and HVAC equipment efficiencies continue to be improved to reduce building energy use, a greater percentage of the total energy loss of a building can occur through envelope leakage. Although the energy impacts of uni ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=916076

7. Measured Carbon Monoxide Emission Rates from Stock and Reduced- Emission Prototype Portable Generators
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Leon Wang, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: To better understand and to reduce the occurrence of carbon monoxide fatalities, this paper presents measured CO emission rates from both stock (i.e., without emission reduction technology) and reduced-emission prototype portable generators operating ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915328

8. Simulation Study of Carbon Monoxide Exposure from Portable Generators in U.S. Residences
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich, Yanling Wang, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: A simulation study was conducted to evaluate indoor CO exposures as a function of portable generator location and CO emission rate in order to support the development of potential CO emission limits for generators. These simulations employed the mult ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915775

9. Development and Application of an Updated Whole-Building Coupled Thermal, Airflow, and Contaminant Transport Simulation Program (TRNSYS/CONTAM)
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: William S Dols, Wang Liangzhu, Steven J Emmerich, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: The TRNSYS energy analysis tool has been capable of simulating whole building coupled heat transfer and building airflow for several years. The current implementation is based on two TRNSYS modules Type 56 and Type 97. Type 97 is based on a subset of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914776

10. An improved method of modeling infiltration in commercial building energy models
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1829
Published: 4/28/2014
Authors: Lisa C Ng, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: As various strategies for improving building envelope and HVAC equipment efficiencies are increasingly used to reduce building energy use, a greater percentage of energy loss can occur through building envelope leakage. Although the energy impacts of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914500



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