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Author: william pitts

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81. Scaling Compartment Fires - Reduced- and Full-Scale Enclosure Burns.
Published: 9/10/1995
Authors: Nelson P Bryner, Erik L Johnsson, William M Pitts
Abstract: An extensive series of over 140 natural gas fires in a 2/5ths-scale model of a standard room has been previously reported. This work extends the earlier reduced-scale enclosure (RSE) study to a full-scale enclosure (FSE) and focuses on comparing the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910978

82. Rayleigh Light Scattering for Concentration Measurements in Turbulent Flows
Published: 7/25/1995
Author: William M Pitts
Abstract: Despite intensive research efforts over a number of years, an understanding of scalar mixing in turbulent flows remains elusive. An understanding is required because turbulent mixing has a pivotal role in a wide variety of natural and technologically ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911728

83. Combustion Product Formation in Under and Overventilated Full-Scale Enclosure Fires
Published: 4/23/1995
Authors: William M Pitts, Nelson P Bryner, Erik L Johnsson
Abstract: The findings of an extensive series of over 140 natural gas fires in a 2/5ths-scale model of a standard room have been previously reported. The current work extends the earlier reduced-scale enclosure (RSE) study to a full-scale enclosure (FSE) and f ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910892

84. Global Equivalence Ratio Concept and the Formation Mechanisms of Carbon Monoxide in Enclosure Fires
Published: 1/1/1995
Author: William M Pitts
Abstract: This report summarizes a large number of investigations designed to characterize the formation of carbon monoxide (CO) in enclosures fires - the most important factor in fire deaths. It includes the first complete review and analysis of the studies w ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911660

85. Carbon Monoxide Production in Compartment Fires: Reduced-Scale Enclosure Test Facility (NISTIR 5568)
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 5568
Published: 12/1/1994
Authors: Nelson P Bryner, Erik L Johnsson, William M Pitts
Abstract: The formation of carbon monoxide during room or compartment fires has been investigated using natural gas fires burning within a reduced-scale enclosure (RSE), an 0.98 m x 0.98 m x 1.46 m (w x h x d) room with a single door opening centered in the fr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910845

86. Carbon Monoxide Production in Compartment Fires: Full-Scale Enclosure Burns (NISTIR 5499)
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 5499
Published: 9/1/1994
Authors: Nelson P Bryner, Erik L Johnsson, William M Pitts
Abstract: Recent studies attribute a large percentage of fire injuries and deaths to the generation of carbon monoxide (CO) and indicate that in roughly two-thirds of the fire deaths the fire victims have fatal or incapacitating levels of carboxyhemoglobin in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910844

87. Engineering Algorithm for the Estimation of Carbon Monoxide Generation in Enclosure Fires (NISTIR 5499)
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 5499
Published: 9/1/1994
Author: William M Pitts
Abstract: Roughly two thirds of all deaths resulting from enclosure fires can be attributed to the presence of carbon monoxide (CO) which is the dominant toxicant in fire deaths. A long-term program (Carbon Monoxide production and Prediction Project) at the Bu ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911641

88. Fire-Induced Mass Flow Into a Reduced-Scale Enclosure (NISTIR 5499)
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 5499
Published: 9/1/1994
Authors: Erik L Johnsson, Nelson P Bryner, William M Pitts
Abstract: Enclosure fires are of great interest because of the resulting loss of life and property, yet the fluid dynamic and chemical behaviors of fires within enclosures are still not well understood. In recent decades, it has become clear that burning rates ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910896

89. Carbon Monoxide Formation in Fires by High-Temperature Anaerobic Wood Pyrolysis
Published: 7/31/1994
Authors: William M Pitts, Erik L Johnsson, Nelson P Bryner
Abstract: Building fire fatalities often occur at locations remote from the room where the fire is actually burning. The majority of these fire deaths are the result of smoke inhalation, primarily due to exposure to carbon monoxide (CO). Although causing nearl ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910825

90. Computer Simulation of the Liquid Agent Spray Motion and Evaporation
Published: 7/18/1994
Authors: G. Gmurczyk, Leonard Y. Cooper, William L. Grosshandler, William M Pitts
Abstract: The discharge of a liquid fire extinguishing agent stored in a pressurized vessel through an orifice generates a freely moving spray outside the vessel. The flow has been modeled as a two-phase, three-component, turbulent, compressible, dissipative f ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911629



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