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You searched on: Author: kevin mcgrattan

Displaying records 81 to 90 of 131 records.
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81. A Mixture Fraction Combustion Model for Fire Simulation Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
Published: 2/3/2003
Authors: J E. Floyd, Howard Richard Baum, Kevin B McGrattan, Simo A Hostikka
Abstract: The simulation of fires using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is challenging because it is difficult to couple the combustion chemistry that occurs at very small length scales with the resolvable hydrodynamic field. While it is possible to create ...

82. CFD Fire Simulation Using Mixture Fraction Combustion and Finite Volume Radiative Heat Transfer.
Published: 2/1/2003
Authors: J E. Floyd, Kevin B McGrattan, Howard Richard Baum, S Hostikka
Abstract: A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire and smoke transport is described. Combustion is represented by means of a single conserved scalar known as the mixture fraction. Radiation transport is approximated in the gray gas limit. The algorit ...

83. Improvements to the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator
Published: 1/1/2003
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, J E. Floyd, Glenn P Forney, Howard Richard Baum, Simo A Hostikka
Abstract: A new version of the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) was released in the fall of 2001. Improvements have been made to the combustion and radiation routines, allowing for better simulation of flashover. The combustion is based on a single transport ...

84. Numerical Simulation of the Howard Street Tunnel Fire, Baltimore, Maryland, July 2001
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6902
Published: 1/1/2003
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Anthony P Hamins
Abstract: This report addresses the thermal environment of the Howard StreetTunnel in Baltimore, Maryland, following the derailment in July 2001of a freight train and the burning of spilled tripropylene andthe contents of surrounding rail cars.A numerical fire ...

85. Future of Fire Simulation
Published: 12/1/2002
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Howard Richard Baum, Ronald G. Rehm, Glenn P Forney, Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: Scientists and engineers are often asked to make predictions of the state of technology in the future and are usually laughably wrong. The best prognosticators get the trends right, but cannot possibly fill in the details. Think of Jules Verne predi ...

86. Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3): Users Guide (NISTIR 6748)
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6748
Published: 11/1/2002
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Glenn P Forney, J E. Floyd, Simo A Hostikka, Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. The software described in this document solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven flow ...

87. Overview of the World Trade Center Collapse & NIST Response
Published: 9/2/2002
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Ronald G. Rehm, William M Pitts, Howard Richard Baum, D D Evans, Kevin B McGrattan, Glenn P Forney
Abstract: Overview of the World Trade Center

88. Enclosure Effects on Flame Spread Over Solid Fuels in Microgravity
Published: 9/1/2002
Authors: Y NA Nakamura, Takashi Kashiwagi, Kevin B McGrattan
Abstract: Enclosure effects on the transition from localized ignition to subsequent flame spread over a thermally-thin solid fuel in microgravity are investigated numerically solving the low Mach number time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations. The numerical mod ...

89. Large Eddy Simulation of Buoyant Turbulent Pool Fires
Published: 7/25/2002
Authors: J Gore, Kevin B McGrattan, Ronald G. Rehm, Howard Richard Baum
Abstract: Three dimensional large eddy simulations (LES) of two buoyant flows were performed n conjunction with a Smagorinsky turbulence model. The flows included a non-reacting helium plume previously simulated with two-dimensional simulations and a methane/ ...

90. Community-Scale Fire Spread
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6891
Published: 7/1/2002
Authors: Ronald G. Rehm, Anthony P Hamins, Howard Richard Baum, Kevin B McGrattan, D D Evans
Abstract: This paper addresses community-scale fires, which have also been called urban/wildland interface or intermix fires. These fires arise when wildlandfires invade the built environment and attack structures as well as wildland fuels. The prediction of t ...

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