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Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 41 to 50 of 86 records.
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41. The Human Side of Mass Notification
Published: 1/8/2010
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: On February 19, 2009, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a Federal Workshop on Mass Notification Messages. Participants from 12 federal agencies attended to discuss issues surrounding warning the public, building occupants ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904732

42. Compilation of Data on the Sublethal Effects of Fire Effluent
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1644
Published: 8/28/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The NRC is developing guidance for performing quantitative human reliability analysis for post-fire mitigative human actions modeled in a fire probability risk assessment. In some of the scenarios, operators are assumed to be exposed to the fire eff ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861599

43. The Process of Human Behavior in Fires
Published: 7/13/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. However, there is a lack of available data and theory on occupant behavior for use b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902504

44. Building Occupant Safety Research 2008
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1091
Published: 6/12/2009
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard W. Bukowski
Abstract: Historically, building egress systems have evolved in response to specific large loss incidents. Currently, systems are designed around a concept of providing stair capacity for the largest occupant load floor in the building with little or no consid ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901528

45. Stairwell Evacuation from Buildings: What We Know We Don't Know
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1624
Published: 6/12/2009
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Occupant descent down stairwells during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. In turn, predictive models of building evacuation use the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901451

46. Modeling Pre-Evacuation Delay by Occupants in World Trade Center Towers 1 and 2 on September 11, 2001
Published: 5/29/2009
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Dennis S Mileti
Abstract: On September 11, 2001, two airplanes hit WTC 1 and 2 sixteen minutes apart, which forced one of the largest evacuations from high-rise buildings in U.S. history. By understanding human behavior during evacuation from the Towers, improvements can be m ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861491

47. The Process of Human Behavior in Fires
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1632
Published: 5/15/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. However, there is a lack of available data and theory on occupant behavior for use b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902507

48. Mass Notification Messages: Workshop Proceedings
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1093
Published: 3/30/2009
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Richard W. Bukowski
Abstract: This workshop provided a forum to discuss research and best practices regarding mass notification message creation and dissemination. The goal of the workshop was to provide a forum where representatives from federal agencies could exchange ideas and ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902287

49. Questioning the Linear Relationship Between Doorway Width and Achievable Flow Rate
Published: 1/1/2009
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Jessica Kratchman, Erica D Kuligowski, James A Milke
Abstract: This paper suggests that the currently assumed linear relationship between exit width and achievable flow is a simplification that may lead to an overly optimistic view of the achievable flow rates. Analyzed data is presented from several sources in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861412

50. Stairwell Evacuation from Buildings: What We Know We Don't Know
Published: 1/1/2009
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Occupant descent down stairwells during building evacuations is typically described by measurable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. In turn, predictive models of building evacuation use these ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861603



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