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Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 81 records.
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21. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
Published: 2/4/2012
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Occupant descent down stairwells during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. In turn, predictive models of building evacuation use the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905491

22. Recommendations for Elevator Messaging Strategies
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1730
Published: 1/6/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan L. Hoskins
Abstract: Building occupants, who have been instructed to use elevators for evacuation, and have subsequently congregated within the elevator lobby for eventual evacuation, are presented with an uncertain and potentially intimidating situation. For example ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910222

23. Predicting Human Behavior during Fires
Published: 10/4/2011
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. Building designs and occupant procedures are based on the results produced from thes ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902503

24. Guest Editorial: The Significance of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics
Published: 7/1/2011
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: N/A
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908473

25. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
Published: 7/1/2011
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The time that it takes an occupant population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906969

26. Communicating the Emergency: Preliminary findings on the elements of an effective public warning message
Published: 4/4/2011
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: When an emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and, in turn, respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notification or emergency ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907852

27. After the Alarm Sounds: How We Got Here, Where We Are, and Where We Should Go
Published: 4/1/2011
Authors: Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock
Abstract: This article reviews the history of egress design and code requirements in the United States, describes the current state-of-the-art in egress design and modeling, and offers a strawman research agenda for future egress research.
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908554

28. Communicating the Emergency: Preliminary findings on the elements of an effective public warning message
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1689
Published: 2/28/2011
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: When an emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and, in turn, may respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notification or emerge ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907983

29. A Review of Building Evacuation Models, 2nd Edition
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1680
Published: 11/1/2010
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins
Abstract: Evacuation calculations are increasingly becoming a part of performance-based analyses to assess the level of life safety provided in buildings. In some cases, engineers are using back-of-the-envelope (hand) calculations to assess life safety, and in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906951

30. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1675
Published: 9/17/2010
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The time that it takes an occupant population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906798



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