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Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 11 to 20 of 86 records.
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11. Draft Final Report, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of the May 22, 2011, Tornado in Joplin, Missouri (NIST NCSTAR 3) ***Draft for Public Comments***
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 3
Published: 11/21/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T Lombardo, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: This is the final report of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) investigation of the May 22, 2011, tornado in Joplin, Missouri, conducted under the National Construction Safety Team Act. This report describes the wind field of t ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914787

12. The Process of Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1822
Published: 11/21/2013
Authors: Enrico Ronchi, Erica D Kuligowski, Paul A Reneke, Richard D Peacock, Daniel Nilsson
Abstract: To date, there is no International standard on the methods and tests to assess the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913642

13. Stair evacuation of older adults and people with mobility impairments
Published: 10/31/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Emily Wiess, Bryan Hoskins
Abstract: Engineers analyze occupant movement data for the safety and protection of a population during emergency building evacuations. Quantifiable variables, such as: stairwell geometry, pre-evacuation delay, occupant speed, and population density form e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912539

14. General Guidance on Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1779
Published: 2/12/2013
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: When a building emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and as a result may respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notif ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912538

15. Analysis of Egress From the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001
Published: 1/31/2013
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This paper provides an analysis of the evacuation of the World Trade Center towers culled from telephone and face-to-face interviews with survivors. A decedent analysis explores where occupants were located when each tower was attacked. Multiple re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861415

16. Modeling the Evacuation of the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001
Published: 1/31/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill
Abstract: This paper provides an analysis of the evacuation of the World Trade Center towers culled from telephone and face-to-face interviews with survivors. A decedent analysis explores where occupants were located when each tower was attacked. Multiple re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861417

17. Progress Report National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Technical Investigation of the May 22, 2011, Tornado in Joplin, Missouri (NISTSP 1139)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1139
Published: 11/15/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T Lombardo, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: On June 29, 2011, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced that it would conduct a technical investigation of the tornado that struck Joplin, MO, on May 22, 2011. In November 2011, NIST released a draft plan for the s ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912461

18. Evacuation of People with Disabilities on Stairs
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan Hoskins, Richard D Peacock, Emily A. Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911764

19. More Thoughts on Defaults
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski, Michael Spearpoint
Abstract: In this paper, the use of default values in egress models is explored and specific values are proposed to combat issues of model misuse. The authors suggest that defaults should represent the most credibly conservative estimates available for core ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911655

20. Theory Building: An Examination of the Pre-evacuation Period of the 2001 WTC Disaster
Published: 9/18/2012
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This paper presents a portion of the author‰s PhD dissertation involving a qualitative study of occupant behavior in response to the 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) disaster. Through analyses of transcripts from 245 face-to-face interviews with survi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911656



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