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Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 11 to 20 of 83 records.
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11. General Guidance on Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1779
Published: 2/12/2013
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: When a building emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and as a result may respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notif ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912538

12. Analysis of Egress From the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001
Published: 1/31/2013
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This paper provides an analysis of the evacuation of the World Trade Center towers culled from telephone and face-to-face interviews with survivors. A decedent analysis explores where occupants were located when each tower was attacked. Multiple re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861415

13. Modeling the Evacuation of the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001
Published: 1/31/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill
Abstract: This paper provides an analysis of the evacuation of the World Trade Center towers culled from telephone and face-to-face interviews with survivors. A decedent analysis explores where occupants were located when each tower was attacked. Multiple re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861417

14. Progress Report National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Technical Investigation of the May 22, 2011, Tornado in Joplin, Missouri (NISTSP 1139)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1139
Published: 11/15/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T Lombardo, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: On June 29, 2011, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced that it would conduct a technical investigation of the tornado that struck Joplin, MO, on May 22, 2011. In November 2011, NIST released a draft plan for the s ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912461

15. Evacuation of People with Disabilities on Stairs
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan Hoskins, Richard D Peacock, Emily A. Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911764

16. More Thoughts on Defaults
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski, Michael Spearpoint
Abstract: In this paper, the use of default values in egress models is explored and specific values are proposed to combat issues of model misuse. The authors suggest that defaults should represent the most credibly conservative estimates available for core ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911655

17. Theory Building: An Examination of the Pre-evacuation Period of the 2001 WTC Disaster
Published: 9/18/2012
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This paper presents a portion of the author‰s PhD dissertation involving a qualitative study of occupant behavior in response to the 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) disaster. Through analyses of transcripts from 245 face-to-face interviews with survi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911656

18. Proposed General Approach to Fire-Safety Scenarios
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1743
Published: 5/29/2012
Authors: Amanda Pauline Robbins, Erica D Kuligowski, Steve M.V. Gwynne
Abstract: A systematic approach to the identification of fire-safety scenarios for analysis is desirable in order to identify important scenarios and to help ensure a consistent approach for different analysts. The number of possible fire-safety scenarios in a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910441

19. Investigation Plan - National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of Building and Emergency Communications System Performance in the Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of May 22, 2011
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1132
Published: 5/24/2012
Authors: Marc L Levitan, Long Thanh Phan, Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T Lombardo, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: Following the May 22, 2011 tornado that devastated the City of Joplin, NIST sent four engineers to Missouri on May 24 through May 28 to conduct a preliminary reconnaissance. Based on analysis of the data collected and other criteria required by law a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911000

20. Building Occupant Safety Research 2012
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1131
Published: 5/17/2012
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Erica D Kuligowski, Jason D Averill
Abstract: Historically, building egress systems have evolved in response to specific large loss incidents. Currently, systems are designed around a concept of providing stair capacity for the largest occupant load floor in the building with little or no cons ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911370



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