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Quantum Information Science/Enabling Innovation through Quantum Science (+$7 million)
The laws of physics are fundamentally different in the quantum world of atoms, electrons, and photons (light particles) than in our everyday macroscopic world. Exploring and harnessing the special properties of the quantum realm hold promise for new and powerful technologies fundamentally different from many conventional technologies of today.
NIST scientists are world leaders in the emerging field of quantum science. Three NIST scientists have won separate Nobel Prizes in the last 10 years based on their work in the field. Many of the best minds in physics today believe that applications of quantum science will transform the 21st century just as integrated circuits and classical electronics transformed the 20th century.
Proposed NIST Program
Having developed potential components for quantum computers and demonstrated other advances, NIST is proposing to expand further its quantum science program in FY 2009. Several of the projects proposed under this initiative will be in collaboration with the Joint Quantum Institute established by NIST, the University of Maryland, and the National Security Agency. NIST will:
Successful achievement of NIST goals in quantum science is expected to pave the way for: