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NIST EBIT Home Page   Introduction

A brief history of the development of the NIST EBIT Facility:

1991  First staff hired (Gillaspy). Begin preparation of laboratory space, control electronics, etc.

1992  Begin assembly of EBIT.

1993  First trapped ions.

1994  First major atomic physics results submitted for publication  [Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1716 (1995)]. Begin planning of ion-surface  studies (5 year competence building funds secured). Second staff hired  (Ratliff).

1995  First extracted ions.

1996  Beamline for extracted ions fully operational. Beamline  publications document record beam fluxes.

1997  First ion-surface results submitted for publication. UHV Scanning Probe    Microscope (SPM) purchased, and installation begun.

1998  SPM coupled to EBIT. Vibration isolation developed. Atomic  scale imaging demonstrated.

1999  First in-situ images of surfaces bombarded with highly  charged ions submitted for publication. Microcalorimeter installed by  collaborators from Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

2000  Visible/UV work on Ti-like data complete (>125 cumulative citations to date). First data using microcalorimeter published. First QED results on He-like ions published (funded by ARC).

2001  NASA funding begins. Intel asks NIST to deploy EBIT for EUV lithography. First low energy (<100 eV) EBIT operation. Invited HCI review article published in J. Phys. B.

2002  International SEMATECH funding begins. Ion-gas collision studies with extracted beams begin. Compilation of first 42 NIST EBIT papers published.

2003  DOE funding begins. Joseph Tan and Josh Pomeroy hired. EPSRC funding begins (UK theory support for NIST EBIT work). First EUV spectroscopy.

2004  Second generation Harvard-Smithsonian microcalorimeter deployed. Switchable NRL MEVVA deployed. Belfast fellowship and collaboration.

2005  Collaboration with NIH Radiation Oncology Branch begins. Fusion research agreements signed with JAERI and IAEA. First QED measurements on H-like ions performed (funded by ARC).