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Physics Programs & Projects

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Liquid Scintillation Counting
Last Updated Date: 03/19/2013

The triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) method of liquid scintillation counting employs three detectors to facilitate the experimental … more

Ge-68, PET Scanner Clinical Trials
Last Updated Date: 03/19/2013

The interpretation of quantitative imaging data obtained from Positron Emission Tomography (PET) studies requires an understanding of the … more

International Comparison of Tc-99
Last Updated Date: 03/19/2013

An international measurement comparison for a 99 Tc solution hosted by National Physical Laboratory (NPL) of the UK, (CCRI(II)K-2. 99 Tc … more

Comparison of Co60 Absorbed Dose for High-Dose Dosimetry
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

NIST participated in a recent international comparison of standards for absorbed dose to water for 60 Co gamma radiation at radiation-processing … more

Dose/Dose-Rate Effects in Alanine Dosimetry
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Check standards are used by the NIST Ionizing Radiation Division to monitor the performance of the alanine dosimetry system that is central to its … more

Applications of NIST Alanine/EPR Dosimetry to the Irradiation of Blood and Blood Products
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

At present, irradiation of blood products with ionizing energy is the only procedure known to prevent transfusion-associated graft-versus-host … more

Advanced X-ray Systems for the Detection of Special Nuclear Materials
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

The Dosimetry Group provides support to the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for their … more

Comparison of ANSI N42.46 and IEC 62523 Standards for Cargo and Vehicle Screening
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

We are undertaking a comparison of the relative performance of ANSI N42.46 and IEC 62523 consensus standards for x-ray cargo and vehicle screening. more

New Reference Standards for Digital Mammography
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

New NIST reference mammography beams using a tungsten target and silver, rhodium, molybdenum and aluminum filters at 20 kV to 50 kV have been … more

National and International Standards for X-ray Security Screening Applications
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

The primary objective of this project is to assure the technical performance and radiation safety of the nation’s x-ray and gamma-ray security … more

Air Kerma Measurements in High Energy X-ray Beams
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Cargo-inspection systems employ high-energy x-ray beams from accelerators. These systems are designed to detect potential threats that may be … more

Key Comparison for Air-Kerma From Therapy Level and Radiation Protection Gamma-Ray Beams
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Comparisons for the national standards of air kerma from therapy level and radiation protection gamma-ray beams were conducted by the NIST and the … more

Electron and Proton Absorbed-Dose-to-Water Primary Standards
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Work on absorbed-dose standards for particle beams is in progress, with preliminary results obtained for both high-energy electrons (at the NIST … more

Small-Field Therapy Dosimetry Using Alanine/EPR
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

NIST has an ongoing program in small-field therapy dosimetry studies using alanine/EPR.

Absorbed Dose to Water and Air Kerma Calibrations in Co-60 Therapy Level Gamma-Ray Beams
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Three dosimetry calibration laboratories accredited by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) routinely perform calibrations of … more

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