This project applies hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) for determining the dynamical structure of therapeutic antibodies, glycoproteins, and proteins; trans-membrane protein receptors; and ligand-receptor interactions. Topics of particular interest include protein-ligand interactions, structure-function relationships between glycan structure and glycoprotein folding, and comparability measurements among innovator drugs and biosimilar drug candidates. This project aims to validate HDX-MS measurement technology by conducting inter-laboratory proficiency testing (aka round robins) and to improve measurement accuracy through parallel HDX-MS (including analyses that employ electron transfer dissociation) and HDX-NMR studies of selected proteins and glycoproteins
This project is designed to improve, test, and validate hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) metrology for the determination of dynamical properties of therapeutic proteins and glycoproteins.
The research project uses HDX-MS to measure the D-for-H exchange rates of the amide groups along the backbone of a protein in D2O solution. These rates indicate the protection factors of the amide groups. The protection factors are characteristic of higher order structural features of proteins (e.g., α-helixes, β-sheets …) that are stabilized through hydrogen bonding, disulfide bonds, electrostatic interactions, and hydrophobic forces. Since protection factors can change as the protein binds with ligands or undergoes folding, HDX-MS can provide sensitive diagnostic data evidencing structural differences. HDX-MS is a rapidly evolving metrology. Numerous improvements in automation, instrument resolution and accuracy, and new, more powerful software are being introduced.
Heat maps showing percent deuterium uptake by the PCNA homotrimer 30 and 60 seconds after imersion in D2O, as determined by HDX-MS.
Lead Organizational Unit:mml