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Publication Citation: Methodology for Obtaining and Using Toxic Potency Data for Fire Hazard Analysis

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Author(s): Vyto Babrauskas; Richard G. Gann; Barbara C. Levin; M Paabo; Richard H. Harris Jr.; Richard D. Peacock; S Yusa;
Title: Methodology for Obtaining and Using Toxic Potency Data for Fire Hazard Analysis
Published: January 01, 1998
Abstract: A comprehensive methodology has been developed for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for fire hazard analysis. This description of the methodology comprises (1) determination that the post-flashover fire is the proper focus of smoke inhalation deaths; criteria for a useful bench-scale toxic potency (LC,,) measurement method; (2) a method which meets these criteria, especially validation against real-scale fires; (3) a computational procedure for correcting the results from the bench-scale test for the CO levels observed in real-scale post-flashover fires; (4) procedures for reducing the usage of animals and broadening the applicability of data by interpreting gas measurement data using the N-Gas Model; and (5) a procedure for identifying whether a product produces smoke within the ordinary range of toxic potency for post-flashover fires.
Citation: Fire Safety Journal
Volume: 31
Pages: pp. 345 - 358
Keywords: fire hazard; hazard analysis; building fires; combustion products; fire models; computer models; death; radiant heating; smoke; toxicity; test methods
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (981KB)