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Publication Citation: Alternative methods of latent fingerprint enhancement and metrics for comparing them

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Author(s): Alfred S. Carasso;
Title: Alternative methods of latent fingerprint enhancement and metrics for comparing them
Published: January 14, 2013
Abstract: Digital enhancements of latent fingerprints using Photoshop processing is the preferred methodology among law enforcement forensic experts. This report explores alternative enhancement methods that are independent of Photoshop, relying instead on such widely used scientific image analysis packages as MATLAB, IDL, and PV-WAVE. In addition, standard image metrics are applied to the processed images and shown capable of distinguishing among various types of enhancements. The discussion is anchored around three illustrative examples, consisting of 8 bit greyscale latent fingerprint image pairs, extracted from the NIST forensic database. It is shown that alternative enhancement methods exist that can recover potentially significant fine scale information, such as may elude standard forensic Photoshop processing.
Citation: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7910
Keywords: latent fingerprints; digital image enhancement; image gradient norms; total variation norm
Research Areas: Math
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.7910
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (5MB)