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Publication Citation: Characterizing and Fractionating Native Cellulose Nanofibers

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Author(s): Iulia A. Sacui; Jeffrey W. Gilman;
Title: Characterizing and Fractionating Native Cellulose Nanofibers
Published: Date Unknown
Abstract: Cellulose nanofibers have good elastic modulus properties and can be used as nano-reinforcements in polymer composites. Native cellulose nanofibers from wood, Tunicate, and bacteria (Acetobacter xylium) were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) to determine surface topography, aspect-ratio, and modulus. AFM imaging shows that cellulose nanofibers obtained through acid hydrolysis are short rigid rods, while nanofibers obtained through enzymatic hydrolysis and TEMPO-oxidation are longer, more flexible rods. In all of these cases, the nanofibers have a wide size distribution (length 100-1000 nm). We are currently developing a method for aspect-ratio fractionation. These aspect-ratio fractionated nanofibers can be added to a polymer and toughening capabilities measured.
Proceedings: 244th ACS National Meeting, Division of Cellulose and Renewable Materials
Location: Philadelphia, PA
Dates: August 19-23, 2012
Research Areas: Materials Science, Nanomaterials