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Publication Citation: High-Accuracy Measurement of Atomic Polarizability in an Optical Lattice Clock

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Author(s): Jeffrey A. Sherman; Nathan D. Lemke; Nathan M. Hinkley; M. Pizzocaro; Richard W. Fox; Andrew D. Ludlow; Christopher W. Oates;
Title: High-Accuracy Measurement of Atomic Polarizability in an Optical Lattice Clock
Published: April 13, 2012
Abstract: Presently, the Stark effect contributes the largest source of uncertainty in a ytterbium optical atomic clock through blackbody radiation. By employing an ultracold, trapped atomic ensemble and high stability optical clock, we characterize the quadratic Stark effect with unprecedented precision. We report the ytterbium optical clock's sensitivity to electric fields (such as blackbody radiation) as the differential static polarizability of the ground and excited clock levels: 36.2612(7) kHz (kV/cm)^-2 The clock's fractional uncertainty due to room temperature blackbody radiation is reduced an order of magnitude to 3e-17.
Citation: Physical Review Letters
Volume: 108
Pages: pp. 153002-1 - 153002-5
Keywords: Atomic measurements;blackbody radiation;clocks;electric fields;precision measurements;polarizability;Stark effect
Research Areas: Physics