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Publication Citation: Observation of a superfluid Hall effect

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Author(s): Lindsay J. LeBlanc; Karina K. Jimenez Garcia; Ross A. Williams; Matthew C. Beeler; Abigail R. Perry; William D. Phillips; Ian B. Spielman;
Title: Observation of a superfluid Hall effect
Published: July 03, 2012
Abstract: Measurement techniques based upon the Hall effect are essential tools in condensed matter physics. Here, we report the first observation of a Hall effect in an ultracold gas of neutral atoms, revealed by measuring Bose-Einstein condensate's transport properties perpendicular to a synthetic magnetic field. Our observations in this vortex-free superfluid are in good agreement with those predicted by superfluid hydrodynamics, demonstrating that the system's global irrotationality influences this superfluid Hall signal.
Citation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume: 109
Issue: 27
Pages: pp. 10811 - 10814
Keywords: artificial vector potentials, Bose-Einstein condensation, Hall effect, superfluid hydrodynamics, synthetic magnetic fields
Research Areas: Bose Einstein Condensation, Atomic Physics, Cold Atoms