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Publication Citation: Unconventional structure-assisted laser trapping of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals

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Author(s): Kristine A. Bertness; David Engstrom; Michael C. Varney; Martin Persson; Rahul P. Trivedi; Mattias Goksor; Ivan I. Smalyukh;
Title: Unconventional structure-assisted laser trapping of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals
Published: Date Unknown
Abstract: Stable optical trapping and manipulation of high-index particles in low-index host media is often impossible due to the dominance of scattering forces over gradient forces. Here we explore optical trapping in liquid crystalline structured hosts and show that robust optical manipulation of high-index particles, such as GaN nanowires, is enabled by trap-induced distortions in long-range molecular alignment, via coupling of translational and rotational motions due to helicoidal molecular arrangement, or due to elastic repulsive interactions with confining substrates. Anisotropy of the viscoelastic liquid crystal medium and particle shape give rise to a number of robust unconventional trapping capabilities, which we use to characterize defect structures and study rheological properties of various thermotropic liquid crystals.
Citation: Optics Express
Keywords: GaN nanowires; laser tweezers; liquid crystals
Research Areas: Nanostructured Materials, Materials Science