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Publication Citation: Experiments and Modeling of Unprotected Structural Steel Elements Exposed to a Fire

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Author(s): Anthony P. Hamins; Kevin B. McGrattan; Kuldeep R. Prasad; Alexander Maranghides; Therese P. McAllister;
Title: Experiments and Modeling of Unprotected Structural Steel Elements Exposed to a Fire
Published: September 18, 2005
Abstract: A large-scale fire experiment was conducted to assess the accuracy of a combination of gas and solid-phase models designed to predict the temperatures of structural steel elements exposed to a fire. The experiment involved a 2 MW heptane spray fire in a compartment that was nominally 4 m by 7 m by 4 m tall. The compartment openings were designed such that natural ventilation flowed into the compartment from one side and flowed out through the opposing side. Measurements included the surface temperature of uninsulated steel elements and the temperature of the upper layer gases in the compartment. The measurements were compared to predictions made by a computational fluid dynamics model of the fire coupled with a finite-element model of the steel. The numerical predictions of the steel surface temperatures were within 8% of the measurements on-average. An analysis showed that the uncertainty in the prediction could be attributed to the uncertainty in the prescribed heat release rate in the fire model.
Proceedings: Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. Eighth (8th) International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS)
Location: Beijing,
Dates: September 18-23, 2005
Keywords: fire research, fire safety, fire science, steel structures, steels, computational fluid dynamics, compartment fires, structural response, experiments, temperature, fire models, thermal response, simulation, uncertainty, sensitivity, surface temperature
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (301KB)