Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).
NIST Authors in Bold
|Author(s):||J C. Hewson; S R. Tieszen; W D. Sundberg; P E. DesJardin;|
|Title:||CFD MODELING OF FIRE SUPPRESSION AND ITS ROLE IN OPTIMIZING SUPPRESSANT DISTRIBUTION|
|Published:||January 01, 2003|
|Abstract:||Recent developments in suppression modeling for CFD codes are presented with an emphasis on fire suppression in cluttered environments. Suppression modeling is based on the ratio between the fluid mixing time scale and the flame chemical time scale. Flames are extinguished when the fluid mixing time is short relative to the chemical time required for combustion to occur. The effect of suppressants is to increase the required chemical time for combustion. Validation data sets are employed to evaluate the effectiveness of the suppression models in strained and obstructed flows. CFD results are used to indicate how changes in geometry may alter suppressant distribution. This approach supports design choices to provide optimal fire protection with minimal suppressant system weight and cost.|
|Citation:||Special Publication (NIST SP) - 984-4|
|Research Areas:||Building and Fire Research|
|PDF version:||Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (691KB)|