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Publication Citation: Fire Protection Challenges of the Americans Disabilities Act: Elevator Evacuation and Refuge Areas

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Author(s): J H. Klote; A J. Fowell;
Title: Fire Protection Challenges of the Americans Disabilities Act: Elevator Evacuation and Refuge Areas
Published: September 13, 1993
Abstract: There is a rising concern for the safety of persons from fire who cannot travel building emergency exit routes in the same manner or as quickly as expected of able persons. One proposed solution for providing safety for persons with mobility limitations is the use of elevators for fire evacuation. Another proposed solution is the concept of areas of refuge where they can "safely wait" until they can be assisted in leaving the building. The system concepts and interrelationships of these two alternatives are discussed. An overview of an area of refuge study conducted at NIST is presented. Other topics addressed are elevator people movement, elevator water problem, and smoke control concepts.
Conference: International Symposium and Workshops Engineering Fire Safety in the Process of Design: Demonstrating Equivalency. Part 1.
Proceedings: CIB W14: Fire Safety Engineering
Location: Newtownabbey,
Dates: September 13-16, 1993
Keywords: fire safety; handicapped; fire protection; elevators (lifts); evacuation; refuge; people movement; smoke; water; piston effect; computer programs
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (2MB)