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Publication Citation: Elevators as a Means of Fire Escape

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Author(s): J H. Klote;
Title: Elevators as a Means of Fire Escape
Published: May 01, 1982
Abstract: This paper is the initial report of an ongoing project at NBS to investigate the use of elevators as a means of fire escape for the handicapped. The use of stairwells for fire evacuation poses a problem for people who cannot use stairs because of physical disabilities. This paper discusses some of the major problems associated with the use of elevators as a means of fire exit and proposes a conceptual solution to those problems. A report is made on field test of four buildings with elevator protection systems. These protection systems and their interactions with other systems are examined.
Citation: ASHRAE Transactions
Volume: 89
Issue: No. 2
Pages: 37 pp.
Keywords: elevators (lifts), evacuation, building fires, egress, handicapped, pressurization, smoke control, stairwells
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (518KB)