NIST logo

Publication Citation: Fire Alarm Systems. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-4C) ***DRAFT for Public Comments***

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): R J. Keough; R A. Grill;
Title: Fire Alarm Systems. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-4C) ***DRAFT for Public Comments***
Published: September 01, 2005
Abstract: This report was prepared to support the investigation of active fire protection systems as part of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) World Trade Center (WTC) Investigation. The purpose of this report is to document the design, installation, and modifications to the fire detection and alarm system for buildings 1, 2 and 7 of the WTC, including system performance during the September 11, 2001, attack.
Citation: NIST NCSTAR - 1-4
Keywords: World Trade Center; high rise buildings; building collapse; disasters; fire safety; fire investigations; terrorists; terrorism; fire alarm systems; fire protection; smoke detection; voice communication; communication networks; emergency response; bombs (ordnance)
Research Areas: Building and Fire Safety Investigations, World Trade Center Investigation, Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (13MB)