NIST logo

Publication Citation: Determination of perfluorinated compounds in human plasma and serum Standard Reference Materials using independent analytical methods

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Jessica L. Reiner; Karen W. Phinney; Jennifer M. Keller;
Title: Determination of perfluorinated compounds in human plasma and serum Standard Reference Materials using independent analytical methods
Published: October 31, 2011
Abstract: Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) were measured in three National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Materials (SRMs 1950 Metabolites in Human Plasma, SRM 1957 Organic Contaminants in Non-fortified Human Serum, and SRM 1958 Organic Contaminants in Fortified Human Serum) using two analytical approaches. The methods offer some independence, with two extraction types and two liquid chromatographic separation methods. The first extraction method investigated the acidification of the sample followed by solid-phase extraction (SPE) using a weak anion exchange cartridge. The second method used an acetonitrile extraction followed by SPE using a graphitized non-porous carbon cartridge. The extracts were separated using a reversed-phase C8 stationary phase and a phenylfluorophenyl (PFP) stationary phase. Measured values from both methods for the two human serum SRMs, 1957 and 1958, agreed with reference values on the Certificates of Analysis. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) values were obtained for the first time in human plasma SRM 1950 with good reproducibility among the methods (below 5 % relative standard deviation). The nominal mass interference from taurodeoxycholic acid, which has caused over estimation of the amount of PFOS in samples, was separated from PFOS using the PFP stationary phase. Other PFCs were also detected in SRM 1950 and are reported. SRM 1950 can be used as a control material for human biomonitoring studies and as an aid to develop new measurement methods.
Citation: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Issue: 9
Pages: pp. 2899 - 2907
Keywords: Standard Reference Materials; Perfluorinated compounds; PFOS; PFOA; PFHxS; human plasma
Research Areas: Organic Analytical Chemistry