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Publication Citation: Indoor Air Quality in Sustainable, Energy Efficient Buildings

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Andrew K. Persily; Steven J. Emmerich;
Title: Indoor Air Quality in Sustainable, Energy Efficient Buildings
Published: May 15, 2012
Abstract: Building designers, contractors, owners and managers have long been challenged with providing quality indoor environments at a reasonable energy cost. Current efforts to improve building energy efficiency, including goals of sustainability and net-zero energy use, are bringing more focus on how to simultaneously achieve energy efficiency and good indoor air quality (IAQ). While energy efficiency and IAQ are sometimes viewed as incompatible, there are in fact many strategies than can achieve both ends. This paper discusses the relationship between IAQ and energy efficiency, with outdoor air ventilation being the primary connection. A number of strategies that are currently being used or proposed to provide both improved IAQ and energy efficiency are highlighted including increased envelope airtightness, heat recovery ventilation, demand controlled ventilation, and improved system maintenance. In addition, the manner in which various green and sustainable building programs, standards and guidance documents address IAQ is reviewed. These programs and documents are driving the move towards sustainable buildings, and the manner in which they consider IAQ is critical to achieving energy efficient buildings with good indoor environments.
Citation: Hvac&R Research
Volume: 18
Issue: 1-2
Pages: pp. 4 - 20
Keywords: Building design, green buildings, energy efficiency indoor air quality, standards, sustainable buildings, ventilation
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research, Indoor Air Quality
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (383KB)