NIST logo

Publication Citation: Josephson-junction model of critical current in granular Y1Ba2Cu3O7-delta superconductors

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): John (. Ekin; R. L. Peterson;
Title: Josephson-junction model of critical current in granular Y1Ba2Cu3O7-delta superconductors
Published: June 01, 1988
Abstract: We calculate the transport critical-current density in a granular superconductor in magnetic fileds below about 5 x 10^-3 T. The field dependence in this region is assumed to be controlled by intragranular or intergranular Josephson junctions. Various model calculations are fitted to transport critical-current data on bulk Y1Ba2Cu3O_7-delta ceramic superconductors, whose average grain size somewhat exceeds 10 micro meters. The results yield an average junction cross-sectional area (thickness x length) of 4-6 micro m^2. If the junction are at the grain boundaries, a London penetration depth of about 150-300 micro m is inferred, consistent with other estimates. We conclude that Josephson junctions are limiting the transport critical current in these samples and that they lie at the grain boundaries. The parameters of the fit are not consistent with Josephson junctions at twinning boundaries.
Citation: Physical Review B
Volume: 37
Pages: pp. 9848 - 9852
Research Areas: Electromagnetics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (808KB)