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|Author(s):||Laurie E. Locascio; Vytautas Reipa; Justin M. Zook; Richard C. Pleus;|
|Title:||Nanomaterial Toxicity: Emerging Standards and Efforts to Support Standards Development|
|Published:||February 01, 2011|
|Abstract:||For the first time in the history of industrialization, nanotechnology offers the unique opportunity to consider material safety ahead of its full implementation. Many scientists around the world have been motivated by this and are working on developing and applying nanotechnology as safely as possible, attempting to avoid the pitfalls of our earlier applications of chemistry into commerce. One key aspect of defining the safety of any chemical product, whether nano-sized or conventional, is toxicity testing. This chapter examines the progress of documentary standards development related to nanotoxicology. We review the types of entities developing standards with a focus on the current status of standards development related to nanomaterial toxicity testing in these organizations. A second topic we review is the need for the validation of testing methods as applied to nanomaterials. Under this second topic, we highlight a few of the scientific efforts around the world that are aimed at developing and evaluating nanotoxicity testing methods.|
|Pages:||pp. 179 - 208|
|Keywords:||Nanotoxicity, standards, nanotechnology, particles|
|DOI:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7853-0_8 (Note: May link to a non-U.S. Government webpage)|