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|Author(s):||Christopher N. McCowan; S. Xu; W. R. Tyson; R. Eagleson; Elizabeth S. Drexler; J. D. McColskey; Philippe P. Darcis;|
|Title:||MEASUREMENT OF CTOA OF PIPE STEELS USING MDCB AND DWTT SPECIMENS|
|Published:||September 27, 2010|
|Abstract:||Two types of specimen for crack tip opening angle (CTOA)measurement have been investigated for pipeline applications,i.e., the modified double cantilever beam (MDCB) (at NIST)and the drop-weight tear test (DWTT) specimen (at CANMET). Results of effects of specimen types, thicknesses and loading rates on CTOA are summarized and discussed. The main observations include: (i) For both MDCB and DWTT specimens tested at quasi-static loading rate, crack front tunnelling(i.e., with a deep triangular crack-tip shape) was present in high-strength steels; (ii) For DWTT specimens, CTOA values measured optically at the surface were signifi cantly higher than those from the simplifi ed single-specimen method (S-SSM)and measured at mid-thickness [on sections cut using electric discharge machining (EDM)]; and (iii) CTOA values from surface measurement of MDCB specimens were comparable to those derived from S-SSM of DWTT specimens, but the surface values of DWTT were higher than those of MDCB specimens.|
|Proceedings:||Proceedings of the 8th International Pipeline Conference IPC2010 September 27-October 1, 2010, Calgary, Alberta, Canada|
|Dates:||September 27-October 1, 2010|
|Keywords:||CTOA, MDCB, DWTT, ductile fracture, fracture toughness, pipe steel, test method|
|Research Areas:||Materials performance|
|PDF version:||Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (357KB)|