NIST logo

Publication Citation: Diffusion-controlled reference material for VOC emissions testing: proof of concept

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Steve Cox; Zhe Liu; John Little; Cynthia H. Reed; Steven J. Nabinger; Andrew K. Persily;
Title: Diffusion-controlled reference material for VOC emissions testing: proof of concept
Published: March 03, 2010
Abstract: Because of concerns about indoor air quality, there is growing awareness of the need to reduce the rate at which indoor materials and products emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs). To meet consumer demand for low emitting products, manufacturers are increasingly submitting materials to independent laboratories for emissions testing. However, the same product tested by different laboratories can result in very different emissions profiles because of a general lack of test validation procedures. There is a need for a reference material that can be used as a known emissions source and that will have the same emission rate when tested by different laboratories under the same conditions. A reference material was created by loading toluene into a polymethyl pentene film. A fundamental emissions model was used to predict the toluene emissions profile. Measured VOC emissions profiles using small-chamber emissions tests compared reasonably well to the emissions profile predicted using the emissions model, demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed approach to create a diffusion-controlled reference material
Citation: Indoor Air
Pages: pp. 424 - 433
Keywords: VOC, measurement, emission rate, material, chamber testing, indoor air quality
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (451KB)